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Occupational Health and Safety in Canada, Regulatory Reform, and Employer Response: An Overview of Past, Present, and Future Concerns


  • Paul Leonard Gallina

    () (Bishop’s University, Williams School of Business)


From the perspective of what has been successful, this paper provides an overview of occupational health and safety regulatory reform in Canada. It begins with a review of the past enabling legislation and the employer response. Both workers? compensation and occupational health and safety are reviewed. It then examines for the present some current enforcement strategies and the case of GM Canada as an employer that has gone beyond such an administrative managerial approach to develop a culture of safety. From a soft law or incentive perspective the current controversy of experience rating is also critically assessed. With regards to the future the paper argues that globalization is eroding the socio-economic conditions that gave rise to this regulatory schema. Issues such as atypical work, the increase in white collar jobs, and the use of temporary foreign workers will require unique regulatory responses that are only beginning to be developed.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Leonard Gallina, 2009. "Occupational Health and Safety in Canada, Regulatory Reform, and Employer Response: An Overview of Past, Present, and Future Concerns," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 9(3), pages 977-992.
  • Handle: RePEc:ege:journl:v:9:y:2009:i:3:p:977-992

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Koopmanschap, Marc A. & Rutten, Frans F. H. & van Ineveld, B. Martin & van Roijen, Leona, 1995. "The friction cost method for measuring indirect costs of disease," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 171-189, June.
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    More about this item


    occupational health and safety; regulation; Canada; employer response;

    JEL classification:

    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J29 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Other
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law


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