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What Works Best for Whom? The Effects of Welfare and Work Policies by Race and Ethnicity

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  • Charles Michalopoulos

    () (MDRC)

Abstract

Using data from random assignment studies, this paper examines how welfare and work policies similar to those adopted by states since 1996 affected employment, welfare receipt, and income of white, African-American, and Hispanic welfare recipients. The results show little systematic variation in the effects of the programs across racial and ethnic groups. Earnings and welfare benefits were affected the most by programs that stressed employment but allowed people who lacked basic skills to initially enroll in education or training. Only programs that supplemented the earnings of welfare recipients who went to work increased income across the racial and ethnic groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Charles Michalopoulos, 2004. "What Works Best for Whom? The Effects of Welfare and Work Policies by Race and Ethnicity," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 30(1), pages 53-79, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:30:y:2004:i:1:p:53-79
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    File URL: http://web.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume30/V30N1P53_79.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Howard Chernick & Cordelia Reimers, 2004. "The Decline in Welfare Receipt in New York City: Push vs. Pull," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 30(1), pages 3-29, Winter.
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    Cited by:

    1. Crépon, Bruno & van den Berg, Gerard J., 2016. "Active Labor Market Policies," IZA Discussion Papers 10321, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Earnings; Race; Racial; Welfare;

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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