An analytical approximation for the macroscopic fundamental diagram of urban traffic
This paper shows that a macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) relating average flow and average density must exist on any street with blocks of diverse widths and lengths, but no turns, even if all or some of the intersections are controlled by arbitrarily timed traffic signals. The timing patterns are assumed to be fixed in time. Exact analytical expressions in terms of a shortest path recipe are given, both, for the street's capacity and its MFD. Approximate formulas that require little data are also given. For networks, the paper derives an upper bound for average flow conditional on average density, and then suggests conditions under which the bound should be tight; i.e., under which the bound is an approximate MFD. The MFD's produced with this method for the central business districts of San Francisco (California) and Yokohama (Japan) are compared with those obtained experimentally in earlier publications.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 42 (2008)
Issue (Month): 9 (November)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/548/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Daganzo, Carlos F., 2006. "On the Variational Theory of Traffic Flow: Well-Posedness, Duality and Applications," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt61v1r1qq, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
- Geroliminis, Nikolas & Daganzo, Carlos F., 2008. "Existence of urban-scale macroscopic fundamental diagrams: Some experimental findings," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 759-770, November.
- Daganzo, Carlos F., 2005. "Improving City Mobility through Gridlock Control: an Approach and Some Ideas," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt7w6232wq, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
- Daganzo, Carlos F., 2005. "A variational formulation of kinematic waves: basic theory and complex boundary conditions," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 187-196, February.
- Daganzo, Carlos F., 2005. "A variational formulation of kinematic waves: Solution methods," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 934-950, December.
- Olszewski, Piotr & Fan, Henry S. L. & Tan, Yan-Weng, 1995. "Area-wide traffic speed-flow model for the Singapore CBD," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 273-281, July.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:42:y:2008:i:9:p:771-781. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.