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Social and health determinants of the efficiency of cotton farmers in Northern Côte d'Ivoire


  • Audibert, Martine
  • Mathonnat, Jacky
  • Henry, Marie-Claire


This article assesses the role of malaria and some social determinants on the agricultural development and more precisely on efficiency in the context of cotton crop in the Korhogo region in the North of Côte d'Ivoire. Data envelopment analyses (DEA) was first applied for the purpose of calculating relative efficiencies in production. A Tobit regression model was then used to explain the variation in the DEA scores and check the hypotheses that the efficiency deviations between farmers can be explained by the disparity of malaria morbidity rate among the farmers and their family, by social cohesiveness and cultural behaviour. Field data were collected by the authors between March 1997 and February 1998 on 700 rural households living in three rice production systems differently exposed to the malaria risk. Two malaria indicators were used for the active (11-55 years old) family members of the farm: Plasmodium falciparum infection rate and high parasite density infection rate. The DEA model was applied on the sub-sample of cotton growers (about one third of the households of the full sample). Results of the different DEA and Tobit models (depending of the production process hypothesis) show that high parasite density infection has a direct and indirect negative effect on efficiency in the cotton crop. They also show that more cotton growers in the village improve efficiency, although villages where cotton is growing more widespread have weaker social cohesion.

Suggested Citation

  • Audibert, Martine & Mathonnat, Jacky & Henry, Marie-Claire, 2003. "Social and health determinants of the efficiency of cotton farmers in Northern Côte d'Ivoire," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 56(8), pages 1705-1717, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:56:y:2003:i:8:p:1705-1717

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Thomas, Duncan & Lavy, Victor & Strauss, John, 1996. "Public policy and anthropometric outcomes in the Cote d'Ivoire," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 155-192, August.
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    5. Shi, Anqing, 2000. "How access to urban potable water and sewerage connections affects child mortality," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2274, The World Bank.
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    7. Gragnolati, Michele, 1999. "Children's growth and poverty in rural Guatemala," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2193, The World Bank.
    8. Barrera, Albino, 1990. "The role of maternal schooling and its interaction with public health programs in child health production," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 69-91, January.
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    10. Lawrence Haddad & Harold Alderman & Simon Appleton & Lina Song & Yisehac Yohannes, 2003. "Reducing Child Malnutrition: How Far Does Income Growth Take Us?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 17(1), pages 107-131, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Claude Berthelemy & Josselin Thuilliez, 2014. "The economics of malaria in Africa," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01045213, HAL.
    2. Martine AUDIBERT, 2008. "Endemic diseases and agricultural productivity: Challenges and policy response," Working Papers 200823, CERDI.
    3. Jacky MATHONNAT & Jean-François BRUN & Martine AUDIBERT & Marie-Claire HENRY, 2006. "Malaria, Production and Income of the Producers of Coffee and Cocoa: an Analysis from Survey Data in Côte d’Ivoire. Malaria, coffee and cocoa production and income," Working Papers 200631, CERDI.
    4. Josselin Thuilliez, 2007. "Malaria and Primary Education : A cross-country analysis on primary repetition and completion rates," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne bla07013, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.


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