IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/socmed/v44y1997i6p801-808.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Health expectancy by level of education in Finland

Author

Listed:
  • Valkonen, Tapani
  • Sihvonen, Ari-Pekka
  • Lahelma, Eero

Abstract

Using the method first presented by Sullivan, the article presents results on health expectancy by level of education and gender in the late 1980s in Finland. The life tables by level of education cover the years 1986-1990. Indicators of disability and poor health were based on three variables from the nationwide 1986 Survey on Living Conditions (N = 12,057): limiting long-standing illness, functional disability and poor self-perceived health. Two cutting points indicating different levels of severity of disability or poor health were used for each measure, giving six dichotomous indicators. Disability-free life expectancy and life expectancy with disability were found to depend strongly on the indicator of disability, but the patterns of differences both between genders and between educational categories were largely independent of the indicators used. Life expectancy as well as disability-free life expectancy showed a systematic relationship with level of education: the higher the level of education, the higher the life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy. The differences between educational categories in disability-free life expectancy were markedly larger than in total life expectancy. Life expectancy with disability was shortest among the more educated and longest among the less educated. Due to the higher life expectancy and the higher prevalence of disability among women, life expectancy with disability was longer among women than men according to all indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Valkonen, Tapani & Sihvonen, Ari-Pekka & Lahelma, Eero, 1997. "Health expectancy by level of education in Finland," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 44(6), pages 801-808, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:44:y:1997:i:6:p:801-808
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277-9536(96)00190-6
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Halkos, George, 1993. "Economic incentives for optimal sulphur abatement in Europe," MPRA Paper 33705, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Ger Klaassen & David Pearce, 1995. "Introduction," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, pages 85-93.
    3. Michael Grossman, 1972. "The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gros72-1, January.
    4. Tietenberg, T H, 1990. "Economic Instruments for Environmental Regulation," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 17-33, Spring.
    5. Halkos, George E., 1993. "Sulphur abatement policy: Implications of cost differentials," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(10), pages 1035-1043, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Böckerman, Petri & Johansson, Edvard & Jousilahti, Pekka & Uutela, Antti, 2008. "The physical strenuousness of work is slightly associated with an upward trend in the BMI," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(6), pages 1346-1355, March.
    2. Virginia Zarulli & Domantas Jasilionis & Dmitri A. Jdanov, 2012. "Changes in educational differentials in old-age mortality in Finland and Sweden between 1971-1975 and 1996-2000," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 26(19), pages 489-510, May.
    3. Vanessa Yong & Yasuhiko Saito, 2009. "Trends in healthy life expectancy in Japan: 1986 - 2004," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 20(19), pages 467-494, April.
    4. repec:eee:socmed:v:188:y:2017:i:c:p:191-200 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Matthews, Ruth J. & Jagger, Carol & Hancock, Ruth M., 2006. "Does socio-economic advantage lead to a longer, healthier old age?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 62(10), pages 2489-2499, May.
    6. Martinez-Sanchez, Eva & Gutierrez-Fisac, Juan L. & Gispert, Rosa & Regidor, Enrique, 2001. "Educational differences in health expectancy in Madrid and Barcelona," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 227-231, March.
    7. Mäki, Netta & Martikainen, Pekka & Eikemo, Terje & Menvielle, Gwenn & Lundberg, Olle & Östergren, Olof & Jasilionis, Domantas & Mackenbach, Johan P., 2013. "Educational differences in disability-free life expectancy: a comparative study of long-standing activity limitation in eight European countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 1-8.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:44:y:1997:i:6:p:801-808. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.