IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Socio-geographical patterns of HIV-1 transmission in Kagera region, Tanzania

Listed author(s):
  • Killewo, J.
  • Dahlgren, L.
  • Sandström, A.
Registered author(s):

    A population-based study on the prevalence of HIV-1 infection in the Kagera region was performed in 1987. The study was based on a multistage cluster sampling technique covering the age-group 15-54 years. The study showed considerable variation of prevalence of HIV-1 infection in the areas studied. A total of 2475 adults were studied and the overall prevalence of HIV-1 infection in the region was 9.6% with a higher prevalence in the urban area (24.2%) compared to that in the rural areas (4.9%). In the present analysis, information on individuals collected during the prevalence study has been used to characterize smaller geographical areas of several villages (wards) and to form the basis for an aggregated analysis of geographical and social patterns relevant to HIV-1 transmission in the studied areas of the region. Kagera region is a heterogeneous society with respect to, for example, religion, ethnic groups and family patterns. There was a moderately strong positive correlation between HIV-1 prevalence and frequent change of sexual partners on the ward level. In Bukoba town the prevalence varied remarkably among the wards, with the lowest prevalence in the ward having the highest social status. In the rural areas, however, the prevalence in the wards decreased considerably with increasing distance from Bukoba town. This aggregated analysis of socio-geographical patterns of HIV-1 transmission characteristics has provided us with information for prioritizing areas of HIV/AIDS intervention in the Kagera community.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 38 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 129-134

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:38:y:1994:i:1:p:129-134
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Postal:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:38:y:1994:i:1:p:129-134. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.