Bivelocity hydrodynamics. Diffuse mass flux vs. diffuse volume flux
An intimate physical connection exists between a fluid’s mass and its volume, with the density ρ serving as a proportionality factor relating these two extensive thermodynamic properties when the fluid is homogeneous. This linkage has led to the erroneous belief among many researchers that a fluid’s diffusive (dissipative) mass flux and its diffusive volume flux counterpart, both occurring in inhomogeneous fluids undergoing transport are, in fact, synonymous. However, the existence of a truly dissipative mass flux (that is, a mass flux that is physically dissipative) has recently and convincingly been shown to be a physical impossibility [H.C. Öttinger, H. Struchtrup, M. Liu, On the impossibility of a dissipative contribution to the mass flux in hydrodynamics, Phys. Rev. E 80 (2009) 056303], owing, among other things, to its violation of the principle of angular momentum conservation. Unfortunately, as a consequence of the erroneous belief in the equality of the diffuse volume and mass fluxes (sans an algebraic sign), this has led many researchers to wrongly conclude that a diffuse volume flux is equally impossible. As a consequence, owing to the fundamental role played by the diffuse volume flux in the theory of bivelocity hydrodynamics [H. Brenner, Beyond Navier–Stokes, Int. J. Eng. Sci. 54 (2012) 67–98], many researchers have been led to falsely dismiss, without due consideration, the possibility of bivelocity hydrodynamics constituting a potentially viable physical theory, which it is believed to be. The present paper corrects this misconception by using a simple concrete example involving an isothermal rotating rigid-body fluid motion to clearly confirm that whereas a diffuse mass flux is indeed impossible, this fact does not exclude the possible existence of a diffuse volume flux and, concomitantly, the possibility that bivelocity hydrodynamics is indeed a potentially viable branch of fluid mechanics.
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Volume (Year): 392 (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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