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Forbidden patterns, permutation entropy and stock market inefficiency

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  • Zunino, Luciano
  • Zanin, Massimiliano
  • Tabak, Benjamin M.
  • Pérez, Darío G.
  • Rosso, Osvaldo A.

Abstract

In this paper we introduce two new quantifiers for the stock market inefficiency: the number of forbidden patterns and the normalized permutation entropy. They are model-independent measures, thus they have more general applicability. We find robust evidence that degree of market inefficiency is positively correlated with the number of forbidden patterns and negatively correlated with the permutation entropy. Our empirical results suggest that these two physical tools are useful to discriminate the stage of stock market development and can be easily implemented.

Suggested Citation

  • Zunino, Luciano & Zanin, Massimiliano & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Pérez, Darío G. & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2009. "Forbidden patterns, permutation entropy and stock market inefficiency," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(14), pages 2854-2864.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:388:y:2009:i:14:p:2854-2864
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.03.042
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    4. Ortiz-Cruz, Alejandro & Rodriguez, Eduardo & Ibarra-Valdez, Carlos & Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose, 2012. "Efficiency of crude oil markets: Evidences from informational entropy analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 365-373.
    5. Zunino, Luciano & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Serinaldi, Francesco & Zanin, Massimiliano & Pérez, Darío G. & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2011. "Commodity predictability analysis with a permutation information theory approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(5), pages 876-890.
    6. Tokár, T. & Horváth, D., 2012. "Market inefficiency identified by both single and multiple currency trends," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(22), pages 5620-5627.
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    8. Gu, Rongbao & Xiong, Wei & Li, Xinjie, 2015. "Does the singular value decomposition entropy have predictive power for stock market? — Evidence from the Shenzhen stock market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 439(C), pages 103-113.
    9. Sensoy, Ahmet & Aras, Guler & Hacihasanoglu, Erk, 2015. "Predictability dynamics of Islamic and conventional equity markets," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 222-248.
    10. De Micco, Luciana & Fernández, Juana Graciela & Larrondo, Hilda A. & Plastino, Angelo & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2012. "Sampling period, statistical complexity, and chaotic attractors," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(8), pages 2564-2575.
    11. Zunino, Luciano & Bariviera, Aurelio F. & Guercio, M. Belén & Martinez, Lisana B. & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2016. "Monitoring the informational efficiency of European corporate bond markets with dynamical permutation min-entropy," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 456(C), pages 1-9.
    12. repec:eee:phsmap:v:506:y:2018:i:c:p:433-450 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Martina, Esteban & Rodriguez, Eduardo & Escarela-Perez, Rafael & Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose, 2011. "Multiscale entropy analysis of crude oil price dynamics," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 936-947, September.
    14. Stosic, Darko & Stosic, Dusan & Ludermir, Teresa & de Oliveira, Wilson & Stosic, Tatijana, 2016. "Foreign exchange rate entropy evolution during financial crises," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 449(C), pages 233-239.
    15. Rosso, Osvaldo A. & De Micco, Luciana & Plastino, A. & Larrondo, Hilda A., 2010. "Info-quantifiers’ map-characterization revisited," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(21), pages 4604-4612.
    16. Zunino, Luciano & Zanin, Massimiliano & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Pérez, Darío G. & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2010. "Complexity-entropy causality plane: A useful approach to quantify the stock market inefficiency," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(9), pages 1891-1901.
    17. Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain & Hernandez, Jose Areola & Hanif, Waqas & Kayani, Ghulam Mujtaba, 2018. "Intraday return inefficiency and long memory in the volatilities of forex markets and the role of trading volume," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 506(C), pages 433-450.
    18. Yin, Yi & Shang, Pengjian, 2016. "Weighted permutation entropy based on different symbolic approaches for financial time series," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 443(C), pages 137-148.
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    21. Abounoori, Esmaiel & Shahrazi, Mahdi & Rasekhi, Saeed, 2012. "An investigation of Forex market efficiency based on detrended fluctuation analysis: A case study for Iran," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(11), pages 3170-3179.
    22. Zunino, Luciano & Fernández Bariviera, Aurelio & Guercio, M. Belén & Martinez, Lisana B. & Rosso, Osvaldo A., 2012. "On the efficiency of sovereign bond markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(18), pages 4342-4349.
    23. Liu, Li & Wan, Jieqiu, 2012. "The relationships between Shanghai stock market and CNY/USD exchange rate: New evidence based on cross-correlation analysis, structural cointegration and nonlinear causality test," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(23), pages 6051-6059.

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