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Livelihoods and production cycles in the Malagasy artisanal ruby-sapphire trade: A critical examination

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  • Cartier, Laurent E.

Abstract

This paper examines the livelihoods of artisanal ruby and sapphire miners in Madagascar, with a special emphasis on how market factors influence operators. For these stones specifically, the link between miner vulnerability, artificial treatment and buyer presence is examined. Vulnerabilities related to miners' livelihoods arise because of the specific mining and processing practices related to these stones, as well as other factors such as corruption, rural marginalization and poverty. The paper also investigates alternative livelihoods and the idea of including and accepting the dynamic buyer into the 'mining community'.

Suggested Citation

  • Cartier, Laurent E., 2009. "Livelihoods and production cycles in the Malagasy artisanal ruby-sapphire trade: A critical examination," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-2), pages 80-86.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jrpoli:v:34:y:2009:i:1-2:p:80-86
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Andriamasinoro, Fenintsoa & Angel, Jean-Michel, 2007. "Modeling the ultra-pure quartz exploitation in northeastern madagascar: Impact of the activity on the socio-economical situation of the population," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 311-329, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Verbrugge, Boris & Besmanos, Beverly, 2016. "Formalizing artisanal and small-scale mining: Whither the workforce?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 134-141.
    2. Ross, Brad & Dessureault, Sean & Rieber, Michael, 2011. "The Tucson Mineral Show and the market for collector minerals: The potential for artisanal and small scale miners," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 168-177, June.

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