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Making sense of just-in-time production: A resource-based perspective


  • Cowton, CJ
  • Vail, RL


Just-in-time (JIT) production has been one of the most prominent elements of 'Japanese management' to have been brought to the West. It has been widely explained and discussed, yet there still persists confusion over its definition and a surprising diversity in the practices which go under its name. In this paper we develop a 'map' of the principal elements of JIT and of the links between them, basing our analysis on the central notion of eliminating the waste of manufacturing resources. The purpose of the map is not only to present a clear and coherent conceptual understanding of the nature of JIT but also, as a Weberian 'ideal type', to offer to both practitioners and academics a means of making sense of what they observe in practice.

Suggested Citation

  • Cowton, CJ & Vail, RL, 1994. "Making sense of just-in-time production: A resource-based perspective," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 427-441, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:22:y:1994:i:5:p:427-441

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Richard Ehrhardt, 1979. "The Power Approximation for Computing (s, S) Inventory Policies," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 25(8), pages 777-786, August.
    2. Richard Ehrhardt & Charles Mosier, 1984. "A Revision of the Power Approximation for Computing (s, S) Policies," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(5), pages 618-622, May.
    3. Arthur F. Veinott, Jr. & Harvey M. Wagner, 1965. "Computing Optimal (s, S) Inventory Policies," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 11(5), pages 525-552, March.
    4. Eliezer Naddor, 1975. "Optimal and Heuristic Decisions in Single-and Multi-Item Inventory Systems," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 21(11), pages 1234-1249, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Khanchanapong, Teerasak & Prajogo, Daniel & Sohal, Amrik S. & Cooper, Brian K. & Yeung, Andy C.L. & Cheng, T.C.E., 2014. "The unique and complementary effects of manufacturing technologies and lean practices on manufacturing operational performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 191-203.


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