Hierarchical Bayes variable selection and microarray experiments
Hierarchical and empirical Bayes approaches to inference are attractive for data arising from microarray gene expression studies because of their ability to borrow strength across genes in making inferences. Here we focus on the simplest case where we have data from replicated two colour arrays which compare two samples and where we wish to decide which genes are differentially expressed and obtain estimates of operating characteristics such as false discovery rates. The purpose of this paper is to examine the frequentist performance of Bayesian variable selection approaches to this problem for different prior specifications and to examine the effect on inference of commonly used empirical Bayes approximations to hierarchical Bayes procedures. The paper makes three main contributions. First, we describe how the log odds of differential expression can usually be computed analytically in the case where a double tailed exponential prior is used for gene effects rather than a normal prior, which gives an alternative to the commonly used B-statistic for ranking genes in simple comparative experiments. The second contribution of the paper is to compare empirical Bayes procedures for detecting differential expression with hierarchical Bayes methods which account for uncertainty in prior hyperparameters to examine how much is lost in using the commonly employed empirical Bayes approximations. Third, we describe an efficient MCMC scheme for carrying out the computations required for the hierarchical Bayes procedures. Comparisons are made via simulation studies where the simulated data are obtained by fitting models to some real microarray data sets. The results have implications for analysis of microarray data using parametric hierarchical and empirical Bayes methods for more complex experimental designs: generally we find that the empirical Bayes methods work well, which supports their use in the analysis of more complex experiments when a full hierarchical Bayes analysis would impose heavy computational demands.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 98 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (April)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/622892/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Huang, Jian & Wang, Deli & Zhang, Cun-Hui, 2005. "A Two-Way Semilinear Model for Normalization and Analysis of cDNA Microarray Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 814-829, September.
- Smyth Gordon K, 2004. "Linear Models and Empirical Bayes Methods for Assessing Differential Expression in Microarray Experiments," Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-28, February.
- Ibrahim J. G. & Chen M-H. & Gray R. J., 2002. "Bayesian Models for Gene Expression With DNA Microarray Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 97, pages 88-99, March.
- Fan, Jianqing & Peng, Heng & Huang, Tao, 2005. "Semilinear High-Dimensional Model for Normalization of Microarray Data: A Theoretical Analysis and Partial Consistency," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 781-796, September.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:98:y:2007:i:4:p:852-872. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shamier, Wendy)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.