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Multivariate analysis of variance with fewer observations than the dimension


  • Srivastava, Muni S.
  • Fujikoshi, Yasunori


In this article, we consider the problem of testing a linear hypothesis in a multivariate linear regression model which includes the case of testing the equality of mean vectors of several multivariate normal populations with common covariance matrix [Sigma], the so-called multivariate analysis of variance or MANOVA problem. However, we have fewer observations than the dimension of the random vectors. Two tests are proposed and their asymptotic distributions under the hypothesis as well as under the alternatives are given under some mild conditions. A theoretical comparison of these powers is made.

Suggested Citation

  • Srivastava, Muni S. & Fujikoshi, Yasunori, 2006. "Multivariate analysis of variance with fewer observations than the dimension," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 97(9), pages 1927-1940, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:97:y:2006:i:9:p:1927-1940

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    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Jin-Ting & Guo, Jia & Zhou, Bu, 2017. "Linear hypothesis testing in high-dimensional one-way MANOVA," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 155(C), pages 200-216.
    2. Rauf Ahmad, M. & Werner, C. & Brunner, E., 2008. "Analysis of high-dimensional repeated measures designs: The one sample case," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 416-427, December.
    3. Bathke, Arne C. & Harrar, Solomon W. & Madden, Laurence V., 2008. "How to compare small multivariate samples using nonparametric tests," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(11), pages 4951-4965, July.
    4. Ley, Christophe & Paindaveine, Davy & Verdebout, Thomas, 2015. "High-dimensional tests for spherical location and spiked covariance," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 79-91.
    5. Jiang Hu & Zhidong Bai & Chen Wang & Wei Wang, 2017. "On testing the equality of high dimensional mean vectors with unequal covariance matrices," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 69(2), pages 365-387, April.
    6. Schott, James R., 2007. "Some high-dimensional tests for a one-way MANOVA," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 98(9), pages 1825-1839, October.
    7. Yamada, Takayuki & Himeno, Tetsuto, 2015. "Testing homogeneity of mean vectors under heteroscedasticity in high-dimension," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 7-27.
    8. Huiqin Li & Jiang Hu & Zhidong Bai & Yanqing Yin & Kexin Zou, 2017. "Test on the linear combinations of mean vectors in high-dimensional data," TEST: An Official Journal of the Spanish Society of Statistics and Operations Research, Springer;Sociedad de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, vol. 26(1), pages 188-208, March.
    9. Davy Paindaveine & Thomas Verdebout, 2013. "Universal Asymptotics for High-Dimensional Sign Tests," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2013-40, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    10. Srivastava, Muni S. & Kubokawa, Tatsuya, 2013. "Tests for multivariate analysis of variance in high dimension under non-normality," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 204-216.


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