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The dynamics of the legal system

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  • Dari-Mattiacci, Giuseppe
  • Deffains, Bruno
  • Lovat, Bruno

Abstract

We present a dynamic model of noncontractual litigation in which the parties’ decision whether to litigate depends on information produced by courts and, vice versa, the courts’ involvement in the lawmaking process depends on the cases proposed by the parties. Thereby, we integrate in one model the two main functions of the judiciary (adjudication and lawmaking) and study their interplay. Our model offers a dynamic, cyclical perspective on the evolution of the legal system over time and sheds new light on the causes for high litigation rates and on judge-made law versus statutes.

Suggested Citation

  • Dari-Mattiacci, Giuseppe & Deffains, Bruno & Lovat, Bruno, 2011. "The dynamics of the legal system," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 95-107.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:79:y:2011:i:1:p:95-107
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2011.02.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Giorgio Rampa & Margherita Saraceno, 2014. "Beliefs and Precedent: The Dynamics of Access to Justice," DEM Working Papers Series 084, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
    2. Giorgio Rampa & Margherita Saraceno, 2018. "Accuracy and Costs of Dispute Resolution with Heterogeneous Consumers. A Conjectural Approach to Mass Litigation," DEM Working Papers Series 155, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
    3. Scott Baker & Claudio Mezzetti, 2012. "A Theory of Rational Jurisprudence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 120(3), pages 513-551.
    4. Brousseau, Eric & Garrouste, Pierre & Raynaud, Emmanuel, 2011. "Institutional changes: Alternative theories and consequences for institutional design," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 79(1-2), pages 3-19, June.
    5. Crettez, Bertrand & Deffains, Bruno & Musy, Olivier, 2014. "Legal convergence and endogenous preferences," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 20-27.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Incompleteness of law; Litigation; Legislation; Adjudication; Judge-made law;

    JEL classification:

    • K10 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - General (Constitutional Law)
    • K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General
    • K41 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Litigation Process

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