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Cross-sectional tests of the CAPM and Fama-French three-factor model

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  • Grauer, Robert R.
  • Janmaat, Johannus A.

Abstract

Grouping does not produce a wide range of betas. Consequently, cross-sectional tests of the CAPM are bound to lack power. This paper provides a simple way to alleviate the problem by repackaging the data with zero-weight portfolios. When the CAPM is true and the data are repackaged, simulation shows that the average values of the intercept and slope converge to their true values more rapidly and there are striking increases in R2 and the power of the tests. Empirical results are dramatically different in datasets with and without the zero-weight portfolios.

Suggested Citation

  • Grauer, Robert R. & Janmaat, Johannus A., 2010. "Cross-sectional tests of the CAPM and Fama-French three-factor model," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 457-470, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:2:p:457-470
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1992. " The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(2), pages 427-465, June.
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    5. William F. Sharpe, 1964. "Capital Asset Prices: A Theory Of Market Equilibrium Under Conditions Of Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 19(3), pages 425-442, September.
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    7. Roll, Richard, 1977. "A critique of the asset pricing theory's tests Part I: On past and potential testability of the theory," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 129-176, March.
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    12. Grauer, Robert R. & Janmaat, Johannus A., 2009. "On the power of cross-sectional and multivariate tests of the CAPM," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 775-787, May.
    13. Pantzalis, Christos & Park, Jung Chul, 2009. "Equity market valuation of human capital and stock returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1610-1623, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tienyu Hwang & Simon Gao & Heather Owen, 2014. "Markowitz efficiency and size effect: evidence from the UK stock market," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 43(4), pages 721-750, November.
    2. Anshul Verma & Riccardo Junior Buonocore & Tiziana di Matteo, 2017. "A cluster driven log-volatility factor model: a deepening on the source of the volatility clustering," Papers 1712.02138, arXiv.org, revised May 2018.

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