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Who governs energy? The challenges facing global energy governance


  • Florini, Ann
  • Sovacool, Benjamin K.


This article conceptualizes the energy problems facing society from a global governance perspective. It argues that a notion of "global energy governance," taken to mean international collective action efforts undertaken to manage and distribute energy resources and provide energy services, offers a meaningful and useful framework for assessing energy-related challenges. The article begins by exploring the concepts of governance, global governance, and global energy governance. It then examines some of the existing institutions in place to establish and carry out rules and norms governing global energy problems and describes the range of institutional design options available to policymakers. It briefly traces the role of a selection of these institutions, from inter-governmental organizations to summit processes to multilateral development banks to global action networks, in responding to energy issues, and points out their strengths and weaknesses. The article concludes by analyzing how the various approaches to global governance differ in their applicability to addressing the conundrums of global energy problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Florini, Ann & Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2009. "Who governs energy? The challenges facing global energy governance," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5239-5248, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:12:p:5239-5248

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Steve Waddell & Sanjeev Khagram, 2007. "Multi-Stakeholder Global Networks: Emerging Systems for the Global Common Good," Chapters, in: Pieter Glasbergen & Frank Biermann & Arthur P.J. Mol (ed.), Partnerships, Governance and Sustainable Development, chapter 12, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Kelley Lee, 2004. "The Pit and the Pendulum: Can globalization take health governance forward?," Development, Palgrave Macmillan;Society for International Deveopment, vol. 47(2), pages 11-17, June.
    3. Braithwaite,John & Drahos,Peter, 2000. "Global Business Regulation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521784993, January.
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