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Exploring the trade-off between generalization and empirical errors in a one-norm SVM


  • Aytug, Haldun
  • Sayın, Serpil


We propose a one-norm support vector machine (SVM) formulation as an alternative to the well-known formulation that uses parameter C in order to balance the two inherent objective functions of the problem. Our formulation is motivated by the ϵ-constraint approach that is used in bicriteria optimization and we propose expressing the objective of minimizing total empirical error as a constraint with a parametric right-hand-side. Using dual variables we show equivalence of this formulation to the one with the trade-off parameter. We propose an algorithm that enumerates the entire efficient frontier by systematically changing the right-hand-side parameter. We discuss the results of a detailed computational analysis that portrays the structure of the efficient frontier as well as the computational burden associated with finding it. Our results indicate that the computational effort for obtaining the efficient frontier grows linearly in problem size, and the benefit in terms of classifier performance is almost always substantial when compared to a single run of the corresponding SVM. In addition, both the run time and accuracy compare favorably to other methods that search part or all of the regularization path of SVM.

Suggested Citation

  • Aytug, Haldun & Sayın, Serpil, 2012. "Exploring the trade-off between generalization and empirical errors in a one-norm SVM," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 218(3), pages 667-675.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:218:y:2012:i:3:p:667-675
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2011.11.037

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert Tibshirani & Michael Saunders & Saharon Rosset & Ji Zhu & Keith Knight, 2005. "Sparsity and smoothness via the fused lasso," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 67(1), pages 91-108.
    2. Khemchandani, Reshma & Jayadeva & Chandra, Suresh, 2009. "Knowledge based proximal support vector machines," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 195(3), pages 914-923, June.
    3. Serpil Say{i}n & Panos Kouvelis, 2005. "The Multiobjective Discrete Optimization Problem: A Weighted Min-Max Two-Stage Optimization Approach and a Bicriteria Algorithm," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 51(10), pages 1572-1581, October.
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