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Firm productivity and the number of FDI destinations: Evidence from a non-parametric test


  • Tanaka, Ayumu


Using Japanese firm-level data, I examine whether more productive multinational enterprises (MNEs) invest in a larger number of foreign regions in the manufacturing sector. I employ the Kolmogorov–Smirnov (KS) test to compare the overall distribution of productivity by multinational status. I find that more productive firms tend to invest in a larger number of foreign regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Tanaka, Ayumu, 2012. "Firm productivity and the number of FDI destinations: Evidence from a non-parametric test," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 1-3.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:117:y:2012:i:1:p:1-3 DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2012.04.079

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
    2. Jens M. Arnold & Katrin Hussinger, 2010. "Exports versus FDI in German Manufacturing: Firm Performance and Participation in International Markets," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 595-606, September.
    3. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
    4. TANAKA Ayumu, 2011. "Multinationals in the Services and Manufacturing Sectors: A firm-level analysis using Japanese data," Discussion papers 11059, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. James Levinsohn & Amil Petrin, 2003. "Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(2), pages 317-341.
    6. Yeaple, Stephen Ross, 2009. "Firm heterogeneity and the structure of U.S. multinational activity," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 206-215, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mitsoyo Ando & Fukunari Kimura, 2015. "Globalization and Domestic Operations: Applying the JC/JD Method to Japanese Manufacturing Firms," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 14(2), pages 1-35, Summer.
    2. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:645-659 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. ANDO Mitsuyo & KIMURA Fukunari, 2017. "Job Creation and Destruction at the Levels of Intra-firm Sections, Firms, and Industries in Globalization: The case of Japanese manufacturing firms," Discussion papers 17100, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item


    Firm heterogeneity; Multinationals; Foreign direct investment;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business


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