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Leaving care: Looking ahead and aiming higher


  • Jackson, Sonia
  • Cameron, Claire


People who have been in out-of-home care as children are at high risk of social exclusion as adults. Longitudinal research suggests that this is closely linked to their low level of educational attainment. Yet in the past the education of children in care has attracted little research interest. In particular, almost nothing is known about the education of these young people beyond the stage of compulsory schooling. This paper draws on evidence from a European Union funded project, Young People in Public Care: Pathways to Education in Europe (YiPPEE) which aimed to find out how more care leavers could be encouraged to stay in school longer and enabled to access further and higher education. The research was carried out over three years by a consortium of five countries: England, Denmark, Sweden, Spain and Hungary. Four principal methods were used: a state-of-the-art literature and policy review, secondary analysis of published and unpublished statistics, surveys of responsible public bodies in social care and education, including interviews with professionals and managers, and biographical narrative interviews with a sample of 170 young people aged 18–24. Individual country studies were consolidated at each stage into comparative reports.11All reports can be accessed on the project website:

Suggested Citation

  • Jackson, Sonia & Cameron, Claire, 2012. "Leaving care: Looking ahead and aiming higher," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1107-1114.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:34:y:2012:i:6:p:1107-1114
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.01.041

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    Cited by:

    1. Melkman, Eran & Mor-Salwo, Yifat & Mangold, Katharina & Zeller, Maren & Benbenishty, Rami, 2015. "Care leavers as helpers: Motivations for and benefits of helping others," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 41-48.
    2. repec:eee:cysrev:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:186-197 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:cysrev:v:85:y:2018:i:c:p:287-294 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:cysrev:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Villegas, Susy & Rosenthal, James & O'Brien, Kirk & Pecora, Peter J., 2014. "Educational outcomes for adults formerly in foster care: The role of ethnicity," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 42-52.
    6. Hiles, Dominic & Moss, Duncan & Wright, John & Dallos, Rudi, 2013. "Young people's experience of social support during the process of leaving care: A review of the literature," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 2059-2071.
    7. repec:eee:cysrev:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:74-83 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Melkman, Eran & Refaeli, Tehila & Benbenishty, Rami, 2016. "An empirical test of a model of academic expectations among youth in residential care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 133-141.
    9. Berridge, David, 2012. "Educating young people in care: What have we learned?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1171-1175.
    10. Crettenden, Angela & Wright, Annemarie & Beilby, Erin, 2014. "Supporting families: Outcomes of placement in voluntary out-of-home care for children and young people with disabilities and their families," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 57-64.


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