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Controlling cyclic combustion timing variations using a symbol-statistics predictive approach in an HCCI engine


  • Ghazimirsaied, Ahmad
  • Koch, Charles Robert


Cyclic variation of a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine near misfire is analyzed using chaotic theory methods and feedback control is used to stabilize high cyclic variations. Variation of consecutive cycles of θPmax (the crank angle of maximum cylinder pressure over an engine cycle) for a Primary Reference Fuel engine is analyzed near misfire operation for five test points with similar conditions but different octane numbers. The return map of the time series of θPmax at each combustion cycle reveals the deterministic and random portions of the dynamics near misfire for this HCCI engine. A symbol-statistic approach is used to predict θPmax one cycle-ahead. Predicted θPmax has similar dynamical behavior to the experimental measurements. Based on this cycle ahead prediction, and using fuel octane as the input, feedback control is used to stabilize the instability of θPmax variations at this engine condition near misfire.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghazimirsaied, Ahmad & Koch, Charles Robert, 2012. "Controlling cyclic combustion timing variations using a symbol-statistics predictive approach in an HCCI engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 133-146.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:92:y:2012:i:c:p:133-146
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.09.018

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sen, Asok K. & Zheng, Jianjun & Huang, Zuohua, 2011. "Dynamics of cycle-to-cycle variations in a natural gas direct-injection spark-ignition engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(7), pages 2324-2334, July.
    2. Maurya, Rakesh Kumar & Agarwal, Avinash Kumar, 2011. "Experimental study of combustion and emission characteristics of ethanol fuelled port injected homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(4), pages 1169-1180, April.
    3. Gan, Suyin & Ng, Hoon Kiat & Pang, Kar Mun, 2011. "Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion: Implementation and effects on pollutants in direct injection diesel engines," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(3), pages 559-567, March.
    4. Maurya, Rakesh Kumar & Agarwal, Avinash Kumar, 2011. "Experimental investigation on the effect of intake air temperature and air-fuel ratio on cycle-to-cycle variations of HCCI combustion and performance parameters," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(4), pages 1153-1163, April.
    5. Komninos, N.P. & Kosmadakis, G.M., 2011. "Heat transfer in HCCI multi-zone modeling: Validation of a new wall heat flux correlation under motoring conditions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(5), pages 1635-1648, May.
    6. Yang, Dong-bo & Wang, Zhi & Wang, Jian-Xin & Shuai, Shi-jin, 2011. "Experimental study of fuel stratification for HCCI high load extension," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(9), pages 2949-2954.
    7. Machrafi, Hatim & Cavadias, Simeon & Amouroux, Jacques, 2008. "A parametric study on the emissions from an HCCI alternative combustion engine resulting from the auto-ignition of primary reference fuels," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(8), pages 755-764, August.
    8. Komninos, N.P., 2009. "Modeling HCCI combustion: Modification of a multi-zone model and comparison to experimental results at varying boost pressure," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(10), pages 2141-2151, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hountalas, D.T. & Papagiannakis, R.G. & Zovanos, G. & Antonopoulos, A., 2014. "Comparative evaluation of various methodologies to account for the effect of load variation during cylinder pressure measurement of large scale two-stroke diesel engines," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1027-1042.
    2. Wu, Zhijun & Kang, Zhe & Deng, Jun & Hu, Zongjie & Li, Liguang, 2016. "Effect of oxygen content on n-heptane auto-ignition characteristics in a HCCI engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 594-604.
    3. Bahri, Bahram & Aziz, Azhar Abdul & Shahbakhti, Mahdi & Muhamad Said, Mohd Farid, 2013. "Understanding and detecting misfire in an HCCI engine fuelled with ethanol," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 24-33.
    4. Jung, Dongwon & Iida, Norimasa, 2015. "Closed-loop control of HCCI combustion for DME using external EGR and rebreathed EGR to reduce pressure-rise rate with combustion-phasing retard," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 138(C), pages 315-330.
    5. Wang, Ying & Xiao, Fan & Zhao, Yuwei & Li, Dongchang & Lei, Xiong, 2015. "Study on cycle-by-cycle variations in a diesel engine with dimethyl ether as port premixing fuel," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 58-70.
    6. Andwari, Amin Mahmoudzadeh & Aziz, Azhar Abdul & Said, Mohd Farid Muhamad & Latiff, Zulkarnain Abdul, 2014. "Experimental investigation of the influence of internal and external EGR on the combustion characteristics of a controlled auto-ignition two-stroke cycle engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 1-10.
    7. Maurya, Rakesh Kumar & Agarwal, Avinash Kumar, 2013. "Experimental investigation of cyclic variations in HCCI combustion parameters for gasoline like fuels using statistical methods," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 310-323.
    8. Chen, Yulin & Dong, Guangyu & Mack, J. Hunter & Butt, Ryan H. & Chen, Jyh-Yuan & Dibble, Robert W., 2016. "Cyclic variations and prior-cycle effects of ion current sensing in an HCCI engine: A time-series analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 628-635.


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