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Estimation of forest area near deserts -- production of Global Bio-Methanol from solar energy

  • Nishigami, Yasuko
  • Sano, Hiroshi
  • Kojima, Toshinori
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    This paper proposes a new synthesis method for methanol as a future alternative fuel, by the combination of carbon supplied from wood and hydrogen supplied from the electrolysis of water using a solar power generation system in the desert. In the developed countries, more than half of the potential forest area has already been converted into other land uses, while existing forests are well organized and available for wood production. In the developing countries, potential forest sites are expected to be available for wood production, even though they are presently grasslands or secondary forests, while natural tropical forests will not be allowed to be converted into artificial forests. The area available for plantations within 500 km distant from deserts was estimated to be 65 Mha in the world, except for the mountain areas. Biomass production from these sites will be converted annually into 980 Mt methanol with hydrogen from the deserts. This amount is equal to 34% of the world's fuel consumption by vehicles.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.

    Volume (Year): 67 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 383-393

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:67:y:2000:i:4:p:383-393
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