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Schools and Housing Markets: An Examination of School Segregation and Performance in Connecticut

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  • John M. Clapp
  • Stephen L. Ross

Abstract

This paper estimates a dynamic model of price level, school performance, and school racial and ethnic composition in the State of Connecticut. The paper finds that increasing minority representation in a Labor Market Area reinforces the existing pattern of school segregation. Changes in segregation appear to be influenced by demographic trends in urban areas and by the labour market factors that determine those trends. There is no evidence, however, to suggest that this process affects housing prices; rather, the housing market appears to adjust relatively quickly. Copyright 2004 Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • John M. Clapp & Stephen L. Ross, 2004. "Schools and Housing Markets: An Examination of School Segregation and Performance in Connecticut," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(499), pages 425-440, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:114:y:2004:i:499:p:f425-f440
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    Cited by:

    1. Dionysia Lambiri & Miguel Vargas, 2011. "Residential Segregation and Public Housing Policy, The Case of Chile," Working Papers 29, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales.
    2. Clapp, John M. & Wang, Yazhen, 2006. "Defining neighborhood boundaries: Are census tracts obsolete?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 259-284, March.
    3. Vicente Royuela & Miguel Vargas, 2010. "Residential Segregation: A Literature Review," Working Papers 7, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales.
    4. McKinnish, Terra & Walsh, Randall & Kirk White, T., 2010. "Who gentrifies low-income neighborhoods?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 180-193, March.
    5. Miguel Vargas Román, 2012. "Economic Residential Segregation and Educational Achievements: Evidence from Chile," ERSA conference papers ersa12p170, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Cohen, Jeffrey P. & Coughlin, Cletus C. & Clapp, John M., 2014. "Semi-Parametric Interpolations of Residential Location Values: Using Housing Price Data to Generate Balanced Panels," Working Papers 2014-50, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    7. Clapp, John M. & Nanda, Anupam & Ross, Stephen L., 2008. "Which school attributes matter? The influence of school district performance and demographic composition on property values," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 451-466, March.
    8. Stephen L. Ross, 2008. "Understanding Racial Segregation: What is known about the Effect of Housing Discrimination," Working papers 2008-15, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2008.
    9. Feng, Hao & Lu, Ming, 2013. "School quality and housing prices: Empirical evidence from a natural experiment in Shanghai, China," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 291-307.
    10. Grodner, Andrew & Kniesner, Thomas J. & Bishop, John A., 2011. "Social Interactions in the Labor Market," Foundations and Trends(R) in Microeconomics, now publishers, vol. 6(4), pages 265-366, September.
    11. Jeremy Clark & Ana Ferrer, 2016. "The Effect of House Prices on Fertility: Evidence from Canada," Working Papers in Economics 16/23, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    12. Eduardo Lora & Andrew Powell, 2011. "A New Way of Monitoring the Quality of Urban Life," WIDER Working Paper Series 012, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    13. Stephen L. Ross, 2005. "The Continuing Practice and Impact of Discrimination," Working papers 2005-19, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2006.
    14. Miguel Vargas & Alejandro Corvarlan, 2013. "Segregation and Social Conflict: An Empirical Analysis," Working Papers 42, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales.
    15. Patrick Bayer & Fernando Ferreira & Robert McMillan, 2003. "A Unified Framework for Estimating Preferences for Schools and Neighborhoods," Working Papers 872, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    16. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:6:p:1075-:d:102126 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:eee:juecon:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:91-105 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Beatty, Timothy K.M. & Sommervoll, Dag Einar, 2012. "Discrimination in rental markets: Evidence from Norway," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 121-130.
    19. Stephen L. Ross, 2005. "Commentary on "Exogenous shocks and the dynamics of city growth: evidence from New York"," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Dec, pages 75-77.
    20. Claudio Agostini, 2010. "Pobreza, Desigualdad y Segregación en la Región Metropolitana," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv242, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    21. Steven Carter, 2008. "Court-ordered Busing and Housing Prices: The Case of Pasadena and San Marino," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 30(3), pages 377-394.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • R2 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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