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Del librecambio matizado al proteccionismo selectivo: el comercio exterior de productos agrarios y alimentos en España entre 1849 y 1935


  • Martínez, Domingo Gallego
  • Navarro, Vicente Pinilla


The aim of this work is to study the foreign trade in agrarian products and foodstuffs during the period 1849–1935. To that end, we have first carried out an analysis of the evolution and composition of agrarian products imports, thereafter reflecting on the reasons which explain the U turn in policy which gave rise to protectionism in 1891 and its effects on these imports. The second section concentrates on the tendency followed by agrarian exports, seeking to explain the causes for the changes to their make-up. The work concludes with an attempt to study simultaneously the behaviour of agrarian exports and imports, in order to analyse both their mutual influence and their global effects over the totality of the Spanish economy.

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  • Martínez, Domingo Gallego & Navarro, Vicente Pinilla, 1996. "Del librecambio matizado al proteccionismo selectivo: el comercio exterior de productos agrarios y alimentos en España entre 1849 y 1935," Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 371-420, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:reveco:v:14:y:1996:i:02:p:371-420_00

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Domingo Gallego Martínez, 2005. "La formación de los precios del trigo en España (1820-1869): el mercado interior," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 36, pages 263-285, august.
    2. Martinez, Domingo Gallego, . "Los aranceles, la política de comercio exterior y la estabilidad de la agricultura española (1870-1914)," Revista Espanola de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 198, pages 1-68.
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    Cited by:

    1. Roses, Joan R., 2015. "Spanish land reform in the 1930s: economic necessity or political opportunism?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 64498, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Duarte, Rosa & Pinilla, Vicente & Serrano, Ana, 2014. "The effect of globalisation on water consumption: A case study of the Spanish virtual water trade, 1849–1935," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 96-105.
    3. Infante-Amate, Juan & Aguilera, Eduardo & Palmeri, Francesco & Guzmán, Gloria & Soto, David & García-Ruiz, Roberto & de Molina, Manuel González, 2018. "Land embodied in Spain’s biomass trade and consumption (1900–2008): Historical changes, drivers and impacts," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 493-502.
    4. Betrán, Concha & Pons, Maria A., 2011. "Labour market response to globalisation: Spain, 1880-1913," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 169-188, April.

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