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Biased Technical Change, Intermediate Goods, And Total Factor Productivity

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  • Moro, Alessio

Abstract

In this paper I show that the intensity at which intermediate goods are used in the production process affects aggregate total factor productivity (TFP). To do this, I construct an input–output model economy in which firms produce gross output by means of a production function in capital, labor, and intermediate goods. This production function is subject, together with the standard neutral technical change, to intermediates-biased technical change . Positive (negative) intermediates-biased technical change implies a decline (increase) in the elasticity of gross output with respect to intermediate goods. In equilibrium, this elasticity appears as an explicit part of TFP in the value added aggregate production function. In particular, when the elasticity of gross output with respect to intermediates increases, aggregate TFP declines. I use the model to quantify the impact of intermediates-biased technical change for measured TFP growth in Italy. The exercise shows that intermediates-biased technical change can account for the productivity slowdown observed in Italy from 1994 to 2004.

Suggested Citation

  • Moro, Alessio, 2012. "Biased Technical Change, Intermediate Goods, And Total Factor Productivity," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(02), pages 184-203, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:macdyn:v:16:y:2012:i:02:p:184-203_00
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    1. Rui Castro & Gian Luca Clementi & Glenn Macdonald, 2009. "Legal Institutions, Sectoral Heterogeneity, and Economic Development," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(2), pages 529-561.
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    4. Berthold Herrendorf & Arilton Teixeira, 2005. "How Barriers to International Trade Affect TFP," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 8(4), pages 866-876, October.
    5. Edward C. Prescott & Stephen L. Parente, 1999. "Monopoly Rights: A Barrier to Riches," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1216-1233, December.
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    7. Wolff, Edward N, 1996. "The Productivity Slowdown: The Culprit at Last? Follow-Up on Hulten and Wolff," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1239-1252, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nikolay Chernyshev, 2018. "From Productivity Shifts to Economic Growth: Intersectoral Linkage as an Amplifying Factor," CDMA Working Paper Series 201801, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
    2. repec:bla:ecorec:v:93:y:2017:i:302:p:434-447 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jan, Grobovsek, 2013. "Development Accounting Within Intermediate Goods," SIRE Discussion Papers 2013-42, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    4. Julieta Caunedo, 2014. "Aggregate Fluctuations and the Industry Structure of the US Economy," 2014 Meeting Papers 1194, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Manoj Atolia & Ryan Chahrour, 2013. "Intersectoral Linkages, Diverse Information, and Aggregate Dynamics," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 832, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 12 May 2015.
    6. Thomas Strobel, 2013. "Embodied Technology Diffusion and Sectoral Productivity Evidence for 12 OECD Countries," ifo Working Paper Series 156, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    7. Ryan Chahrour & Manoj Atolia, 2015. "Intersectoral Linkages, Diverse Information, and Aggregate Dynamics in a Neoclassical Model," 2015 Meeting Papers 398, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. Jan Grobovsek, 2013. "Development Accounting with Intermediate Goods," ESE Discussion Papers 223, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
    9. Chen, Xi, 2017. "Biased Technical Change, Scale, And Factor Substitution In U.S. Manufacturing Industries," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(02), pages 488-514, March.
    10. Hiroaki HAYAKAWA, 2016. "Theory of the Firm: A Reformulation with Primary Factors of Production and Procurement of Ingredient Inputs," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 418-439, September.
    11. Jan Grobovšek, 2011. "Development Accounting with Intermediate Goods," Working Papers 2011.85, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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