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Nutrición y salud infantil en Colombia: determinantes y alternativas de política


  • Alejandro Gaviria Uribe


  • María del Mar Palau M.


Este trabajo tiene dos objetivos complementarios: estudiar los determinantes socioeconómicos de la nutrición y la salud infantil, y evaluar el impacto de los dos principales programas públicos de bienestar infantil existentes en Colombia: los Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar y el Régimen Subsidiado en Salud. Los resultados muestran que los indicadores antropométricos mejoran de manera ostensible con la edad de la madre. La educación de la madre tiene un efecto no tanto sobre los indicadores acumulativos (talla para la edad), como sobre los indicadores de corto plazo (peso para la talla). De otro lado, los Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar no parecen estar asociados con una mayor talla de los niños. Por su parte, el Régimen Subsidiado en Salud tiene un efecto menor (y circunscrito a los hogares más pobres) sobre el peso al nacer.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria Uribe & María del Mar Palau M., 2006. "Nutrición y salud infantil en Colombia: determinantes y alternativas de política," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013350

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    Cited by:

    1. Vecino-Ortiz, Andrés Ignacio, 2008. "Determinants of demand for antenatal care in Colombia," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(2-3), pages 363-372, May.
    2. Joaquín Viloria de la Hoz, 2007. "Nutrición en el Caribe colombiano y su relación con el capital humano," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 004309, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

    More about this item


    Nutrición; Salud; Medidas Antropométricas; Peso al Nacer; Programas Públicos de Bienestar Infantil; Política Social;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs


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