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Reformas comerciales (apertura) en América latina: revisando sus impactos en el crecimiento y el desarrollo

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  • RICARDO E. BUITRAGO R.

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Abstract

Los programas de la liberalización económica tienen muchas características comunes en todo el mundo, pero no tienen necesariamente las mismas consecuencias. Las diferencias en sus efectos reflejan las diferencias en los países mismos junto con factores accidentales de sincronización y otros acontecimientos externos. La liberalización comercial y la apertura al comercio se ven generalmente como elementos claves para unas exitosas estrategias de crecimiento y desarrollo, sin embargo, la política comercial puede inducir fuerzas antagónicas en la distribución de ingresos y el alivio de la pobreza. Este parece ser el caso de Latinoamérica, el uso de la palabra apertura encubre un deseo, si no una obligación bajo el Consenso de Washington, de los países para seguir una política de libre comercio y debido a las diferencias mencionadas anteriormente los impactos en el desarrollo y el alivio de la pobreza son fundamentalmente diferentes.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo E. Buitrago R., 2009. "Reformas comerciales (apertura) en América latina: revisando sus impactos en el crecimiento y el desarrollo," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000180:010450
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Apertura; Pobreza; Latinoamérica; Libre Comercio; Desarrollo.;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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