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Efectos de la reforma laboral:¿más trabajo y menos empleos?

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Carlos Guataquí Roa
  • Andrés Felipe García-Suaza

Abstract

La reforma laboral de 2002 apuntó a dos objetivosespecíficos: la implementación de mecanismos deprotección social y la flexibilización laboral. Eneste documento se analizan algunos de sus efectos,haciendo énfasis en la variación de las modalidadesde contratación, los cambios en las horas de trabajodemandadas y los efectos en la duración del desempleo.De este análisis se concluye que la reformatuvo un efecto intensivo en generar mayor demandade horas de trabajo, pero que su efecto extensivo degeneración de más empleos sólo fue marginal. Porotra parte, la duración del desempleo se redujo enel agregado.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Guataquí Roa & Andrés Felipe García-Suaza, 2009. "Efectos de la reforma laboral:¿más trabajo y menos empleos?," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 27(60), pages 46-79, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007815
    DOI: 10.32468/Espe.6002
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. James J. Heckman & Carmen Pagés, 2004. "Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number heck04-1.
    2. Carmen Pagés-Serra, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2000), pages 109-154, August.
    3. Guataquí, Juan Carlos & Forero, Nohora & García, Andrés Felipe, 2009. "¿A quiénes afecta el desempleo? Análisis de la tasa de incidencia en Colombia," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, July.
    4. Attanasio, Orazio & Goldberg, Pinelopi K. & Pavcnik, Nina, 2004. "Trade reforms and wage inequality in Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 331-366, August.
    5. Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Ley 789 De 2002: ¿Funcion㓠O No?," Documentos CEDE 003140, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    6. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Stephen J. Trejo, 2000. "The Demand for Hours of Labor: Direct Evidence from California," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 38-47, February.
    7. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," Documentos CEDE 003618, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
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    Cited by:

    1. Taborda, Rodrigo & Guataqui, Juan Carlos, 2011. "Manufacturing Employment and Wage Differentials After Structural Adjustment Reforms in Colombia: An Efficiency Wages Approach," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, June.
    2. Ligia Alba Melo & Carlos Andrés Ballesteros, 2013. "Creación, destrucción y reasignación del empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 281-311, January-J.
    3. Lanari, María Estela, 2015. "Argentina: las implicaciones de las políticas públicas y la regulación laboral sobre el trabajo 2008-2013," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2460, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    4. López-Castaño, Hugo Alberto, 2012. "El mercado laboral colombiano : tendencias de largo plazo," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 2, pages 81-128, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    reforma laboral; desempleo; fuerzade trabajo; Colombia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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