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El efecto Tanzi, la sustitución de monedas y la tasa de inflación óptima en Colombia

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  • Natalia Salazar

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Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en generalizar el modelo tradicional de financiamiento del déficit del gobierno a través de la creación de dinero por parte del Banco Central, incluyendo los posibles efectos que tendrían sobre la tasa de inflación óptima la sustitución de monedas y la presencia de rezagos en la recolección de los impuestos. De acuerdo con los resultados empíricos, en Colombia, no hay evidencia clara en cuanto a la sustitución de monedas. Sin embargo, a través de un modelo sencillo de regresión lineal, se comprobó que existe un rezago de aproximadamente seis meses en la recolección de los impuestos. Este último aspecto lleva a que el gobierno incurra en una pérdida de ingresos reales cuando la inflación sobrepasa cierto nivel, el cual es de 40% en nuestro ejercicio.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Salazar, 1992. "El efecto Tanzi, la sustitución de monedas y la tasa de inflación óptima en Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 11(22), pages 83-108, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007553
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    Cited by:

    1. Dairo Estrada & Poldy Osorio, 2004. "Effects of Financial Capital on Colombian Banking Efficiency," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 22(47), pages 162-201, Diciembre.
    2. Juan Carlos Echeverry G., 1996. "The Rise And Perpetuation Of A Moderate Inflation, Colombia 1970-1991," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003621, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Carlos Esteban Posada, 1997. "Otro Costo De Una Inflación Perfectamente Prevista," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 16(31), pages 5-33, June.
    4. Carlos Esteban Posada, 1995. "El Costo de la Inflación(con Racionalidad y Previsión Perfectas)," Borradores de Economia 030, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Leonardo Villar Gómez, 2004. "Inflación Y Finanzas Públicas," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 22(47), pages 56-105, December.
    6. Carlos Esteban Posada, 1995. "EL COSTO DE INFLACIÓN (Con Racionalidad y Previsión Perfectas)," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002477, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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    Keywords

    INFLACION; DINERO;

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