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Indicadores de política y canales de transmisión monetaria. Colombia: 1975-1991

  • Juan Carlos Echeverry


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    Dos canales de transmisión monetaria, el de la disponibilidad de crédito y del costo del capital, son contrastados con la evidencia de Colombia. Siguiendo la estrategia de identificación de Bernanke y Blinder (1992) se aplica una batería de pruebas econométricas con el objeto de aislar al "mejor indicador de política monetaria", dentro de un conjunto de variables regularmente usados o apuntadas por las autoridades. M1 parece ser el mejor indicador de política para Colombia, pero el poder predictivo de la tasa de interés es alto. Ello induce a considerar estas dos como posibles indicadores de política. Los canales de transmisión son contrastados usando ambas variables. Tanto el canal de crédito como el del costo del capital parecen haber transmitido los choques monetarios durante el periodo de estudio. La tasa de interés es considerada como la variable que lleva el mensaje de la política monetaria a la economía, mientras M1 presenta un comportamiento procíclico.

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    Volume (Year): 12 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 24 (December)
    Pages: 7-41

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007539
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    1. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1989. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 14-31, March.
    2. Carmen M Reinhart & Vincent R Reinhart, 1991. "Fluctuaciones Del Producto Y Choques Monetarios: Evidencia Colombiana," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 10(20), pages 53-85, December.
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    7. Pagan, Adrian, 1987. " Three Econometric Methodologies: A Critical Appraisal," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 3-24.
    8. Robert G. King & Charles I. Plosser & James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1987. "Stochastic Trends and Economic Fluctuations," NBER Working Papers 2229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Olivier J. Blanchard & Mark W. Watson, 1986. "Are Business Cycles All Alike?," NBER Chapters, in: The American Business Cycle: Continuity and Change, pages 123-180 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
    11. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1991. "A simple estimator of cointegrating vectors in higher order integrated systems," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
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