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Green national income and expenditure


  • Robert D. Cairns


Distinguishing between national income and expenditure helps to shed light on some issues in green national accounting, including capital gains. Although their total is the same, different types of depreciation should be defined differently in the income and expenditure accounts. For example, there are two ways to define the depletion of non-renewable resources. If depletion is defined as the resource rent, the unit value of the resource stock exceeds the current rent. If resource rent is viewed in terms of the resource's contribution to national income, the stock can be valued at the current rent but depletion is less than resource rent.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert D. Cairns, 2002. "Green national income and expenditure," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 35(1), pages 1-15, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:35:y:2002:i:1:p:1-15

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cairns, Robert D., 2008. "Value and income," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 417-424, June.
    2. Heshmati, Almas, 2014. "An Empirical Survey of the Ramifications of a Green Economy," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 356, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    3. Kirk Hamilton & Giovanni Ruta, 2009. "Wealth Accounting, Exhaustible Resources and Social Welfare," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 42(1), pages 53-64, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • Q30 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - General


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