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Retrait des États-Unis de l’Accord de Paris : le relais encourageant des initiatives locales

Author

Listed:
  • Cecilia Bellora
  • Jean Fouré

Abstract

Les États-Unis se désengagent de l’Accord de Paris, leurs émissions ne seront donc plus limitées. Pire, les émissions risquent d’être plus élevées aux États-Unis que si aucun accord n’avait été signé à cause d'«effets de fuite»: les États-Unis pourraient en effet bénéficier d’énergies fossiles meilleur marché, la demande pour ces énergies diminuant du fait des engagements des autres pays, et aussi attirer les entreprises étrangères très émettrices de gaz à effet de serre (GES). Toutefois, alors qu’il n’y aura plus de politique climatique au niveau national, plusieurs États fédérés se mobilisent pour continuer à réduire leurs émissions. Bien que ces États ne soient pas ceux qui émettent le plus, leurs initiatives ne sont pas négligeables et restent un signal fort à destination de la communauté internationale.

Suggested Citation

  • Cecilia Bellora & Jean Fouré, 2017. "Retrait des États-Unis de l’Accord de Paris : le relais encourageant des initiatives locales," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 380.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:2017-380
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    États-Unis; Accord de Paris; gaz à effet de serre (GES);

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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