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Cultures transgeniques et commerce international

Listed author(s):
  • Kym Anderson
  • Chantal M. Pohl Nielsen

Les debats actuels sur les organismes genetiquement modifies (OGM) dans l'agriculture montrent des divergences dans la perception des risques et des benefices lies au genie genetique. Les OGM peuvent beneficier aux pays pauvres comme riches, mais ils soulevent des questions de securite sanitaire et environnementale, et sont un sujet de preoccupation pour les citoyens. Ces inquietudes sont refletees par le Protocole recent sur la Biosecurite, qui se refere de facon appuyee au principe de precaution. Ce protocole n'est pas forcement en accord avec les engagements des pays dans le cadre des accords de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC). Apres un examen des questions de politique commerciale en jeu, est ici presentee une evaluation empirique des consequences economiques de l'adoption de cultures transgeniques par un certain nombre de pays, alors que d'autres en limiteraient l'importation. En sont tirees quelques lecons politiques aussi bien pour les pays en question que pour l'OMC.

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Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal Economie Internationale.

Volume (Year): (2001)
Issue (Month): 87 ()
Pages: 45-62

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2001-3tb
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