Origine et quartier. Expliquer le salaire et l'emploi des descendants d'immigrés
While differences in the labor market situations between French individuals of French parents and second-generation French are widely documented, less is known about the causes of such differences. Preceding works attempted to control for human capital differences across groups. This study aims at distentangling the impacts of the residence location from the one of national origin. Using the sampling frame of the Labor Force Survey (Insee, Paris), one may define the precise neighborhood of residence of any given individual. First, some summary statistics are provided to give a bird’s eye of the relationship between national origin and residential segregation. Second, a three-term decomposion à la Oaxaca-Blinder is used to isolate : the human capital component, the residence location one, and the unexplained one. Results indicate that, while the residence-location component may amount up to one quarter of the total gap, the unexplained component in the employment differential remains substantial. Conversely, human capital differences explain most of the wage gap.
Volume (Year): mars (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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