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L'interaction entre usage du sol et comportements de mobilité. Méthodologie et application a l'aire urbaine de Bordeaux

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  • Guillaume Pouyanne

Abstract

The influence of land use on daily mobility patterns can be described by the two dimensions of urban form : the first is quantitative, that is density, and the second is qualitative, that is land use mix. Empirical studies usually add control variables such as socio-demographic characteristics. They suppose that urban form factors and socio-demographic factors have a separate influence on travel patterns. In this paper, we first show the possibility of a causal relationship between urban form and socio-demographic characteristics. Thus previous results, which suppose that these two kinds of factors are separated, may be biased. As a consequence we provide a new, more complex conceptual framework, which is called the « triangular relationship ». It implies specific econometric methods to test the motives of mobility : typological regressions are used for an application on the metropolitan area of Bordeaux. First results show how relevant this method is for the study of the interactions between land use and travel patterns. JEL classification : R12, R14, R41

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Pouyanne, 2005. "L'interaction entre usage du sol et comportements de mobilité. Méthodologie et application a l'aire urbaine de Bordeaux," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(5), pages 723-746.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_055_0723
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Pouyanne, 2005. "Land Use mix and Daily Mobility - the Case of Bordeaux, France," ERSA conference papers ersa05p84, European Regional Science Association.
    2. POUYANNE Guillaume (IERSO-IFReDE-GRES), 2006. "Urban Sprawl and Spatial Segregation. A review (In French)," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2006-07, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    3. André MEUNIE (GREThA) & Guillaume POUYANNE (GREThA), 2007. "Is there an Environmental Urban Kuznets Curve? The case of polluting emissions due to daily mobility in 37 cities. (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2007-04, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    compact city; urban density; urban form; mobility; land use patterns;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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