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Le bénéfice de la santé. Un apport des théories de la croissance endogène

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  • Philippe Aghion
  • Peter Howitt
  • Fabrice Murtin

Abstract

This paper revisits the relationship between health and growth in light of modern endogenous growth theory. We propose a unified framework that encompasses the growth effects of both, the accumulation and the level of health. Based on cross-country regressions where we instrument for both variables, we find that a higher initial level and a higher rate of improvement in life expectancy both have a significantly positive impact on per capita GDP growth. JEL classification codes: E20, I10, O40, J11.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Aghion & Peter Howitt & Fabrice Murtin, 2010. "Le bénéfice de la santé. Un apport des théories de la croissance endogène," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 87-108.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_112_0087
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    health; life expectancy; mortality; economic development; economic growth; endogenous growth; instruments;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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