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Le bénéfice de la santé. Un apport des théories de la croissance endogène


  • Philippe Aghion
  • Peter Howitt
  • Fabrice Murtin


This paper revisits the relationship between health and growth in light of modern endogenous growth theory. We propose a unified framework that encompasses the growth effects of both, the accumulation and the level of health. Based on cross-country regressions where we instrument for both variables, we find that a higher initial level and a higher rate of improvement in life expectancy both have a significantly positive impact on per capita GDP growth. JEL classification codes: E20, I10, O40, J11.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Aghion & Peter Howitt & Fabrice Murtin, 2010. "Le bénéfice de la santé. Un apport des théories de la croissance endogène," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 87-108.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_112_0087

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sabine Le Bayon & Catherine Mathieu & Paola Monperrus-Veroni & Mathieu Plane & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2010. "Europe, États-Unis, Japon : quelles politiques budgétaires de sortie de crise ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 35-61.
    2. Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2002. "Le chômage structurel à 5 % en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 80(1), pages 115-151.
    3. Valérie Chauvin & Gaël Dupont & Éric Heyer & Mathieu Plane & Xavier Timbeau, 2002. "Le modèle France de l'OFCE. La nouvelle version :," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 81(2), pages 245-300.
    4. Christophe Blot & Xavier Timbeau, 2009. "Du chaos financier au K.O. économique," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 149-178.
    5. Clément Bosquet & Michel Fouquin, 2008. "Productivité du travail : la fin du processus de convergence ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 419(1), pages 125-142.
    6. Hervé Le Bihan, 2004. "Tests de rupture : une application au PIB tendanciel français," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 163(2), pages 133-154.
    7. Valérie Chauvin & Gaël Dupont & Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2001. "Le retour au plein emploi ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 79(4), pages 195-233.
    8. Heyer, Eric & Reynes, Frederic & Sterdyniak, Henri, 2007. "Structural and reduced approaches of the equilibrium rate of unemployment, a comparison between France and the United States," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 42-65, January.
    9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1625 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item


    health; life expectancy; mortality; economic development; economic growth; endogenous growth; instruments;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts


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