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Transferts de fonds des migrants en Afrique du Sud. Les conditions de départ du pays d'origine sont-elles déterminantes ?

  • Florence Arestoff
  • Mélanie Kuhn
  • El Mouhoub Mouhoud

This paper looks at the determinants of international remittances in the context of South-South migration. We use a 2006 survey on 639 African migrants living in Johannesburg. In addition to the traditional variables (income, age and education of the migrant, etc.) we consider the impact of departure conditions from the country of origin and subjective variables (perception of relative wealth, attachment to the country of origin) on remittances. The results show that having left the country of origin due to violence has a negative effect on the propensity to remit, whereas the attachment to the country of origin and the perception of a better economic situation in the host country positively influence remittances. Classification JEL : F22, F24, O15, O55

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 63 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 513-522

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_633_0513
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm

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  1. Gubert, Flore, 2002. "Do Migrants Insure Those who Stay Behind? Evidence from the Kayes Area (Western Mali)," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10842, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Bollard, Albert & McKenzie, David & Morten, Melanie & Rapoport, Hillel, 2009. "Remittances and the Brain Drain Revisited: The Microdata Show That More Educated Migrants Remit More," IZA Discussion Papers 4534, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Lucas, Robert E B & Stark, Oded, 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 901-18, October.
  4. Luis Miotti & El Mouhoub Mouhoud & Joel Oudinet, 2010. "Determinants and Uses of Remittances to Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries: Insights from a New Survey," Development Working Papers 288, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 30 Apr 2010.
  5. Nicholas Van Hear & Rebecca Brubaker & Thais Bessa, 2009. "Managing Mobility for Human Development: The Growing Salience of Mixed Migration," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2009-20, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), revised Apr 2009.
  6. Rapoport, Hillel & Docquier, Frederic, 2006. "The Economics of Migrants' Remittances," Handbook on the Economics of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism, Elsevier.
  7. Yoko Niimi & Thai Hung Pham & Barry Reilly, 2009. "Determinants of Remittances: Recent Evidence Using Data on Internal Migrants in Vietnam," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 23(1), pages 19-39, 03.
  8. Alfonso Miranda & Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, 2006. "Maximum likelihood estimation of endogenous switching and sample selection models for binary, ordinal, and count variables," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 6(3), pages 285-308, September.
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