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Districts industriels : du concept à l'histoire. Les termes du débat


  • Jean-Claude Daumas


During the 70’s, the outstanding achievement of the “Third Italy” led to the rehabilitation of the Marshallian concept of industrial district and to a growing number of studies on the productive system whose development can be mostly explained by the geographical concentration of activities. At first an exclusive sociologists’ and economists’ concern, it gradually became the concern of other social sciences, among which History. However promising and stimulating this approach may be, it remains sketchy and blurred, and History hasn’t been able to play its part fully yet because the shift from concept to history raises a number of theoretical, methodological and empirical issues. This article aims at clarifying the contents of the concept, depicting how it was elaborated and how it expanded, and to ponder on its usefulness to historical research. Classification JEL : L, R1, L6, D8, K3, J4, D2, J5, J3, L1

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Claude Daumas, 2007. "Districts industriels : du concept à l'histoire. Les termes du débat," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 58(1), pages 131-152.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_581_0131

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
    • K3 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance


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