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« Équilibre » et fiscalité au Siècle des lumières. L'économie politique de Jean-Joseph Graslin


  • Arnaud Orain


The Jean-Joseph Graslin’s Essai analytique sur la richesse et sur l’impôt [1767] is at the same time one of the most brilliant critical analysis of physiocracy and the synthesis of a systematic thought which announces the sensualist political economy of the end of the Ancien Régime. The author, who argues in terms of needs and utility, describes a generalized trade economy in which the prices of goods and the means of production are determined by market forces. Refusing the logical framework of Quesnay and his disciples, Graslin defines an “equilibrium” which includes social inequalities and taxation. Classification JEL : B11, B31

Suggested Citation

  • Arnaud Orain, 2006. "« Équilibre » et fiscalité au Siècle des lumières. L'économie politique de Jean-Joseph Graslin," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(5), pages 955-981.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_575_0955

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arnaud Orain, 2003. "Decline and progress: the economic agent in Condillac's theory of history," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 379-407.
    2. Alain Béraud & Gilbert Faccarello, 2000. "Nouvelle Histoire de la Pensée Economique, tome 2," Post-Print halshs-00201474, HAL.
    3. Arnaud Orain, 2002. "Condillac face à la physiocratie. Terre, valeur et répartition," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(5), pages 1075-1099.
    4. Arnaud Orain, 2006. "Directing or Reforming Behaviors? A Discussion of Condillac's Theory of Vrai Prix," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 38(3), pages 497-530, Fall.
    5. Arnaud ORAIN, 2007. "Le Rôle Des Préférences Individuelles Dans La Controverse Condillac-Le Trosne Sur La Valeur Et Les Prix," Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, L'Harmattan, issue 52, pages 7-30.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B11 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Preclassical (Ancient, Medieval, Mercantilist, Physiocratic)
    • B31 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - Individuals


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