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Le Rôle Des Préférences Individuelles Dans La Controverse Condillac-Le Trosne Sur La Valeur Et Les Prix


  • Arnaud ORAIN


The various interpreting traditions agree to state that if there is a point on which Condillac and the Physiocrats disagree, it is indeed that of the value and the prices. However, by studying the controversy between Condillac and Le Trosne on these subjects, this article takes at first the opposite course of this point of view. It shows that a transposition of the arguments of the one in the language of the other, reduces to a very few things the divergences between the two men. Le Trosne so adopts a position on the individual evaluation of goods which is very close to that of Condillac, whereas the later explains the setting of prices mostly by calling upon the confrontation of supplied and demanded quantities, in the way of his Physiocratic opponent. The real caesura is actually underlying the debate between the two men, but is never expressed clearly. For Condillac, it is the individual choices, through the change in preferences, that modify prices, while the Physiocrat thinks actors' preferences have no incidence on them.

Suggested Citation

  • Arnaud ORAIN, 2007. "Le Rôle Des Préférences Individuelles Dans La Controverse Condillac-Le Trosne Sur La Valeur Et Les Prix," Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, L'Harmattan, issue 52, pages 7-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpo:journl:y:2007:i:52:p:7-30

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Olivier Godard, 1990. "Environnement, modes de coordination et systèmes de légitimité : analyse de la catégorie de patrimoine naturel," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 41(2), pages 215-242.
    2. Claude Henry, 1984. "La microéconomie comme langage et enjeu de négociations," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 35(1), pages 177-198.
    3. Thierry Hommel & Olivier Godard, 2002. "Trajectoire de contestabilité sociale et production d'OGM à usage agricole," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 270(1), pages 36-49.
    4. Driessen, Peter P. J. & Glasbergen, Pieter & Verdaas, Co, 2001. "Interactive policy-making - a model of management for public works," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 128(2), pages 322-337, January.
    5. Kelvin J. Lancaster, 1966. "A New Approach to Consumer Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 132-132.
    6. Jean-Charles Hourcade & Emeric Fortin, 2000. "Impact economique des politiques climatiques : des controverses aux enjeux de coordination," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 82, pages 45-74.
    7. Olivier Barreteau, 2003. "The Joint Use of Role-Playing Games and Models Regarding Negotiation Processes: Characterization of Associations," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 6(2), pages 1-3.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arnaud Orain, 2006. "« Équilibre » et fiscalité au Siècle des lumières. L'économie politique de Jean-Joseph Graslin," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(5), pages 955-981.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B11 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Preclassical (Ancient, Medieval, Mercantilist, Physiocratic)
    • B31 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - Individuals
    • D46 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Value Theory


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