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Union européenne et migrations internationales. L'ue 15 contribue-t-elle à l'exode des travailleurs qualifiés ?


  • Frédéric Docquier
  • Olivier Lohest
  • Abdeslam Marfouk


This paper builds on a new data set measuring emigration stocks and rates by educational attainment for all the world countries and most dependent territories in 1990 and 2000 (Docquier and Marfouk [2005]). We analyze the impact of the European Union on the international mobility of skilled workers. Compared to other oecd countries, the average skills of eu?15 immigrants are low. However, by attracting an important proportion of African migrants, the eu?15 plays an important role in the brain drain debate. The eu?15 is an important source of brain drain for countries which are strongly concerned by human capital shortages. This result is confirmed by Kernel density estimates. Regarding exchanges of skilled workers with the other traditional immigration countries, the eu?15 experiences a large deficit. This deficit is compensated by importing human capital from developing countries. On the whole, the net effect is very small compared to the large gains observed in the us, in Canada and Australia. Classification JEL?: F22, J61.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Docquier & Olivier Lohest & Abdeslam Marfouk, 2005. "Union européenne et migrations internationales. L'ue 15 contribue-t-elle à l'exode des travailleurs qualifiés ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(6), pages 1301-1330.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_566_1301

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    Cited by:

    1. Docquier, Frédéric, 2006. "Brain Drain and Inequality Across Nations," IZA Discussion Papers 2440, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Abdeslam Marfouk, 2008. "The African brain drain: scope and determinants," DULBEA Working Papers 08-07.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers


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