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Nature du progrès technique et instabilité des emplois


  • Martine Carré
  • David Drouot


The existing literature studies the impact of technical change on unemployment and job instability mainly by focusing its attention on the impact of changes in the diffusion rate of innovations. In this paper, we argue that an other dimension of technical change should not be neglected, namely its nature. Then, we show that when we take into account the impact of not only the diffusion rate of innovations but also of the nature of innovations in a standard matching model, we can have a better understanding of the effects of technical change on unemployment and job instability. Classification JEL : J23, J63, O33

Suggested Citation

  • Martine Carré & David Drouot, 2003. "Nature du progrès technique et instabilité des emplois," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 54(3), pages 627-635.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_543_0627

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Antoine Bommier & Ronald D. Lee, 2003. "Overlapping generations models with realistic demography," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(1), pages 135-160, February.
    2. Andrew B. Abel, 2003. "The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 551-578, March.
    3. Blanchard, Olivier J, 1985. "Debt, Deficits, and Finite Horizons," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(2), pages 223-247, April.
    4. Boucekkine, Raouf & de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 2002. "Vintage Human Capital, Demographic Trends, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 340-375, June.
    5. Willem H. Buiter, 1986. "Death, Population Growth, Productivity Growth and Debt Neutrality," NBER Working Papers 2027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Burke, Jonathan L., 1996. "Equilibrium for Overlapping Generations in Continuous Time," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 364-390, August.
    7. Weil, Philippe, 1989. "Overlapping families of infinitely-lived agents," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 183-198, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christophe Ramaux, 2005. "Les emplois ne sont pas plus instables : explications et incidences sur la régulation de l'emploi," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00801412, HAL.
    2. Christophe Ramaux, 2004. "L'introuvable instabilité croissante de l'emploi : et s'il n'existait pas de marché externe ?," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r04049, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes


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