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Change-Points in U.S. Business Cycle Durations

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  • Davig Troy

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City)

Abstract

This paper develops a change-point model that can endogenously detect a structural shift in a time series of durations. The model is applied to NBER data on U.S. business cycle durations for expansions and contractions. There are two primary results. First, the change-point model endogenously detects a shift in the distribution for the phases of the U.S. business cycle around WWII. The pattern of duration dependence for both contractions and expansions correspond to earlier work, such as Diebold and Rudebusch (1990), Sichel (1991) and Zuehlke(2003), that exogenously split the sample at WWII. The second result is that the change-points for expansions and contractions generally occur earlier than WWII when controlling for various factors, such as the duration of the preceding half-cycle, wars and a trend variable. For expansions, the only significant explanatory variable is a trend, resulting in each successive expansion's hazard rate uniformly shifting down. For contractions, both a trend and the lagged duration of the preceding expansion are found, when estimated separately, to be significant. Controlling for a trend, contractions no longer exhibit positive duration dependence following the estimated change-point.

Suggested Citation

  • Davig Troy, 2007. "Change-Points in U.S. Business Cycle Durations," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(2), pages 1-23, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:sndecm:v:11:y:2007:i:2:n:6
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    Cited by:

    1. Luca Agnello & Vítor Castro & Ricardo M. Sousa, 2012. "Are there change-points in the likelihood of a fiscal consolidation ending?," NIPE Working Papers 18/2012, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    2. Agnello, Luca & Castro, Vitor & Sousa, Ricardo M., 2013. "What determines the duration of a fiscal consolidation program?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 113-134.
    3. Castroa, Vitor & Kubota, Megumi, 2013. "Duration dependence and change-points in the likelihood of credit booms ending," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6475, The World Bank.
    4. Vitor Castro, 2013. "The duration of business cycle expansions and contractions: are there change-points in duration dependence?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 511-544, April.
    5. Vítor Castro, 2011. "The Portuguese Business Cycle: Chronology and Duration Dependence," NIPE Working Papers 11/2011, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    6. Idrovo Aguirre, Byron, 2007. "Los Ciclos del Mercado Inmobiliario y su Relación con los Ciclos de la Economía
      [Housing Market Fluctuations and the Economic Cycles]
      ," MPRA Paper 19365, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 24 Sep 2007.

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