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The impact of the current crisis on private returns to education in Greece

Author

Listed:
  • Ioannis Cholezas

    (Centre of Planning and Economic Research (KEPE))

  • Nikolaos C Kanellopoulos

    (Centre of Planning and Economic Research (KEPE))

  • Theodoros Mitrakos

    (Bank of Greece)

  • Panos Tsakloglou

    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between the position of individuals in the labour market (employment characteristics and wages) and their education level in order to determine the private returns to education in Greece. Specifically, the focus is on the impact of the crisis on the returns to education. The main conclusions of the study are: (i) the crisis has increased the probability of unemployment for all, though generally those with more education have suffered less; (ii) higher unemployment has reduced wages, especially for men and for those with a postgraduate degree; and (iii) education, even after adjusting for unemployment risk, continues to yield high returns in the crisis period. Thus, even in the crisis, tertiary education graduates enjoy better prospects in the labour market than lower education level graduates.

Suggested Citation

  • Ioannis Cholezas & Nikolaos C Kanellopoulos & Theodoros Mitrakos & Panos Tsakloglou, 2013. "The impact of the current crisis on private returns to education in Greece," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 38, pages 33-63, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bog:econbl:y:2013:i:38:p:32-63
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    File URL: https://www.bankofgreece.gr/BogEkdoseis/econbull201311.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kyprianos Prodromidis & Prodromos Prodromidis, 2008. "Returns to education: the Greek experience, 1988-1999," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(8), pages 1023-1030.
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    5. Evangelia Papapetrou, 2004. "Gender Wage Differentials in Greece," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 23, pages 47-64, July.
    6. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    7. Psacharopoulos, George, 1982. "Earnings and education in Greece, 1960–1977," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 333-347.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dimitra Dimitropoulou & Anastasia Koutsomanoli-Filippaki & Evangelos Charalambakis & Georgios Aggelis, 2014. "The financing of Greek enterprises before and during the crisis," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 39, pages 7-20, July.
    2. Sofia Lazaretou, 2015. "How can the use of historical macroeconomic data series support economic analysis and policy-making? The new Greek macro history database 1833-1949 as part of the large database of Southeastern Europe," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 41, pages 71-101, July.
    3. Costas N. Kanellopoulos, 2014. "The private sector Greek labour market during the crisis," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 39, pages 21-36, July.
    4. Nikos Vettas & Ioannis Giotopoulos & Evangelia Valavanioti & Svetoslav Danchev, 2016. "The determinants of new firms’ export performance," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 7-17, July.
    5. Aikaterini Chaireti, 2014. "The housing situation of residents of Greece in the time of crisis 2008-2012," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 39, pages 105-141, July.
    6. Ioannis Chatzivasiloglou, 2017. "The valuation of assets and liabilities of (re)insurance undertakings under solvency II," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 45, pages 63-90, July.
    7. Faidon Kalfaoglou, 2015. "Alternative approaches to NPLs resolution. Case studies," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 41, pages 45-70, July.
    8. Evangelia Georgiou, 2015. "The use of cash and electronic payment instruments in the economy," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 41, pages 31-44, July.
    9. Heather D Gibson & Georgia Pavlou, 2017. "Exporting and performance:evidence from Greek firms," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 45, pages 7-30, July.
    10. George Agiomirgianakis & Theodore Lianos & Nicholas Tsounis, 2019. "Returns to Investment in Distance Learning: the Case of Greece," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 12(3), pages 94-100, March.
    11. Costas N. Kanellopoulos, 2015. "The effects of minimum wages on wages and employment," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 41, pages 7-29, July.
    12. Faidon Kalfaoglou, 2014. "European banking union: “Europeanising” banks’ financial safety net," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 39, pages 37-72, July.
    13. Styliani Belli & Constantina Backinezos, 2016. "The transition to the new methodology for the compilation of balance of payments statistics – BPM6," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 19-29, July.
    14. Evangelos Charalambakis, 2017. "How did the Greek financial crisis impact on households? A comparison between the two waves of the HFCS," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 45, pages 31-45, July.
    15. Sophia Lazaretou, 2016. "The Greek brain drain: the new pattern of Greek emigration during the recent crisis," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 31-53, July.
    16. Faidon Kalfaoglou, 2016. "Bank recapitalisation: a necessary but not sufficient condition for resuming lending," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 43, pages 55-75, July.
    17. Sophia Lazaretou, 2014. "The smart economy: cultural and creative industries in Greece: can they be a way out of the crisis?," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 39, pages 73-103, July.
    18. Theodora Kosma & Evangelia Papapetrou & Georgia Pavlou & Christina Tsochatzi & Pinelopi Zioutou, 2017. "Labour market adjustment and labour market reforms in Greece during the crisis: findings from the third wave of the Wage Dynamics Survey," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 45, pages 47-62, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    returns to education; Greek crisis; unemployment; wages;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L43 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • D45 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Rationing; Licensing

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