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Exploring the Impact of School Discipline on Racial Disproportion in the Juvenile Justice System


  • Sean Nicholson-Crotty
  • Zachary Birchmeier
  • David Valentine


This study explores empirically the degree to which disciplinary decisions made in schools can help to explain observed rates of disproportionate minority contact with juvenile courts. Copyright (c) 2009 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Sean Nicholson-Crotty & Zachary Birchmeier & David Valentine, 2009. "Exploring the Impact of School Discipline on Racial Disproportion in the Juvenile Justice System," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 90(4), pages 1003-1018.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:socsci:v:90:y:2009:i:4:p:1003-1018

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Sylvia A. Allegretto & Michelle M. Arthur, 2001. "An Empirical Analysis of Homosexual/Heterosexual Male Earnings Differentials: Unmarried and Unequal?," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 54(3), pages 631-646, April.
    7. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
    8. Dennis J. Aigner & Glen G. Cain, 1977. "Statistical Theories of Discrimination in Labor Markets," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(2), pages 175-187, January.
    9. Nathan Berg & Donald Lien, 2002. "Measuring The Effect Of Sexual Orientation On Income: Evidence Of Discrimination?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 20(4), pages 394-414, October.
    10. Marieka M. Klawitter & Victor Flatt, 1998. "The effects of state and local antidiscrimination policies on earnings for gays and lesbians," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(4), pages 658-686.
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    Cited by:

    1. Huang, Francis L. & Cornell, Dewey G., 2017. "Student attitudes and behaviors as explanations for the Black-White suspension gap," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 298-308.
    2. Behnken, Monic P. & Abraham, W. Todd & Cutrona, Carolyn E. & Russell, Daniel W. & Simons, Ronald L. & Gibbons, Frederick X., 2014. "Linking early ADHD to adolescent and early adult outcomes among African Americans," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 95-103.
    3. Hopson, Laura M. & Lee, Eunju & Tang, Ning, 2014. "A multi-level analysis of school racial composition and ecological correlates of academic success," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 126-134.
    4. Kayama, Misa & Haight, Wendy & Gibson, Priscilla A. & Wilson, Robert, 2015. "Use of criminal justice language in personal narratives of out-of-school suspensions: Black students, caregivers, and educators," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 26-35.

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