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The Spatial Structure Of Income Inequality In The Enlarged Eu

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  • Onno Hoffmeister

Abstract

This study examines how personal disposable income is distributed across regions, countries and larger geographical areas in the EU25 and how this distribution changed during the second half of the 1990s. Moreover, it assesses the "statistical" effect resulting from the enlargement of the European Union, and therefore the community of people for which inequality is measured. A three-level spatial decomposition of the overall personal inequality in the EU reveals that a fifth of its amount is attributed to the east-west income gap and that intra-regional inequality accounts for three quarters. The study detects a convergence of both average national income levels and within-country personal income inequality. Inequality is rising primarily in the Scandinavian social-democratic welfare states and decreasing in the Mediterranean countries of the EU15. In Eastern Central Europe, the rapid growth of inequality which had been observable during the first years of transition has come to an end. Copyright 2009 The Author. Journal compilation 2009 International Association for Research in Income and Wealth Published by Blackwell Publishing.

Suggested Citation

  • Onno Hoffmeister, 2009. "The Spatial Structure Of Income Inequality In The Enlarged Eu," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 55(1), pages 101-127, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:revinw:v:55:y:2009:i:1:p:101-127
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    Cited by:

    1. Claudius Gräbner & Philipp Heimberger & Jakob Kapeller & Bernhard Schütz, 2017. "Is Europe Disintegrating? Macroeconomic Divergence, Structural Polarisation, Trade and Fragility," wiiw Working Papers 136, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    2. Christoph Hauser & Gottfried Tappeiner & Janette Walde, 2015. "The Roots of Regional Trust," Working Papers 2015-13, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
    3. Mathias Moser & Matthias Schnetzer, 2014. "The Geography of Average Income and Inequality: Spatial Evidence from Austria," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp191, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    4. repec:bla:ausecp:v:56:y:2017:i:1:p:59-71 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Polin, Veronica & Raitano, Michele, 2009. "Dimensione e dinamica della povertà nell’Unione Europea dopo l’allargamento: un’analisi comparata delle determinanti dei movimenti delle famiglie
      [Poverty and inequality dynamics in the enlarged Eu
      ," MPRA Paper 25567, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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