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Quality Differentials and Prices: Are Cherries Lemons?

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  • Rosenman, Robert E
  • Wilson, Wesley W

Abstract

In G. A. Akerlof's market for lemons, goods of differential qualities sell under the same standard. If no price differentials exist, then the low quality goods drive out the high quality goods. In cherry markets, heterogeneous lots of cherries sell within the same market standard. At the time of sale, buyers know only the market standard. Since different qualities sell under the same standard, the potential for lemons exists if buyers cannot identify different qualities. The authors' theoretical and empirical models suggest seller characteristics signal quality to buyers, and buyers pay premiums to firms with these characteristics. Thus, cherries are not lemons. Copyright 1991 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Rosenman, Robert E & Wilson, Wesley W, 1991. "Quality Differentials and Prices: Are Cherries Lemons?," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(6), pages 649-658, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:39:y:1991:i:6:p:649-58
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kirsten Foss, 1996. "A Transaction cost Perspective on the Influence of Standards on Product Development Examples from the Fruit and Vegetable Market," DRUID Working Papers 96-9, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    2. Jonathan R. Peterson & Henry S. Schneider, 2014. "Adverse selection in the used-car market: evidence from purchase and repair patterns in the Consumer Expenditure Survey," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 45(1), pages 140-154, March.
    3. H. Naci Mocan, 2001. "Can Consumers Detect Lemons? Information Asymmetry in the Market for Child Care," NBER Working Papers 8291, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Bart Wilson & Arthur Zillante, 2010. "More Information, More Ripoffs: Experiments with Public and Private Information in Markets with Asymmetric Information," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 36(1), pages 1-16, February.
    5. K. W. Chau & Lennon H. T. Choy, 2011. "Let the Buyer or Seller Beware: Measuring Lemons in the Housing Market under Different Doctrines of Law Governing Transactions and Information," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(S4), pages 347-365.
    6. Engers, Maxim & Hartmann, Monica & Stern, Steven, 2009. "Are lemons really hot potatoes?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 250-263, March.
    7. Raboy, David G. & Basher, Syed Abul & Hossain, Ishrat & Kaitibie, Simeon, 2012. "More efficient production subsidies for emerging agriculture in micro Arab states: a conceptual model," MPRA Paper 38854, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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