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Determinantes de la tasa de cambio en Colombia: un enfoque de microestructura de mercados

Listed author(s):
  • Andrés Murcia

    ()

  • Diego Rojas

En este trabajo se brindan elementos adicionales en la comprensión de la dinámica de la tasa de cambio en Colombia. Por una parte, se presentan los principales hallazgos de una encuesta dirigida a los agentes del mercado cambiario; en ella se resalta la diferencia en la percepción que exhiben los agentes en torno a los determinantes de corto, mediano y largo plazo. En el primer caso, los determinantes responderían principalmente a efectos de microestructura, mientras que a mediano y largo plazo, la tasa de cambio respondería sobre todo a sus fundamentales. Los agentes también resaltan la mayor importancia de los factores internacionales con respecto a los locales en la dinámica de esta variable. Este estudio se concentra especialmente en los determinantes de corto plazo de la tasa de cambio. Con el objetivo de enmarcar la determinación de esta variable se presenta un modelo teórico desarrollado por Kyle (1985) donde se resalta la importancia de los factores de microestructura en un escenario de información asimétrica y agentes estratégicos. Con base en estos determinantes se estimó un modelo de microestructura, utilizando información intradía descargada directamente de las pantallas de negociación. Este modelo es utilizado para corroborar algunos hallazgos de la encuesta realizada. En particular, se valida la mayor importancia de factores internacionales respecto a los factores locales, y también se evalúa el impacto de la intervención del Banco de la República sobre la dinámica del tipo de cambio.

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Article provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its journal Ensayos sobre Política Económica.

Volume (Year): 32 (2014)
Issue (Month): 74 (Junio)
Pages: 52-67

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:32:y:2014:i:74:p:52-67
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  1. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Juan José Echavarría & Luis Fernando Melo Velandia & Santiago Téllez & Mauricio Villamizar, 2013. "The Impact of Pre-announced Day-to-day Interventions on the Colombian Exchange Rate," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 010767, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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  13. Gulcay Tuna, 2011. "The effectiveness of Central Bank intervention: evidence from Turkey," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(14), pages 1801-1815.
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