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The state of research on racial/ethnic discrimination in the receipt of health care


  • Shavers, V.L.
  • Fagan, P.
  • Jones, D.
  • Klein, W.M.P.
  • Boyington, J.
  • Moten, C.
  • Rorie, E.


Objectives. We conducted a review to examine current literature on the effects of interpersonal and institutional racism and discrimination occurring within health care settings on the health care received by racial/ethnic minority patients. Methods. We searched the PsychNet, PubMed, and Scopus databases for articles on US populations published between January 1, 2008 and November 1, 2011. We used various combinations of the following search terms: discrimination, perceived discrimination, race, ethnicity, racism, institutional racism, stereotype, prejudice or bias, and health or health care. Fifty-eight articles were reviewed. Results. Patient perception of discriminatory treatment and implicit provider biases were the most frequently examined topics in health care settings. Few studies examined the overall prevalence of racial/ethnic discrimination and none examined temporal trends. In general, measures used were insufficient for examining the impact of interpersonal discrimination or institutional racism within health care settings on racial/ethnic disparities in health care. Conclusions. Better instrumentation, innovative methodology, and strategies are needed for identifying and tracking racial/ethnic discrimination in health care settings.

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  • Shavers, V.L. & Fagan, P. & Jones, D. & Klein, W.M.P. & Boyington, J. & Moten, C. & Rorie, E., 2012. "The state of research on racial/ethnic discrimination in the receipt of health care," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 102(5), pages 953-966.
  • Handle: RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2012.300773_8
    DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300773

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    Cited by:

    1. Altman, Molly R. & Oseguera, Talita & McLemore, Monica R. & Kantrowitz-Gordon, Ira & Franck, Linda S. & Lyndon, Audrey, 2019. "Information and power: Women of color's experiences interacting with health care providers in pregnancy and birth," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 238(C), pages 1-1.
    2. Dharam Persaud-Sharma & Joseph Burns, 2018. "First Nations People: Addressing the Relationships between Under-Enrollment in Medical Education, STEM Education, and Health in the United States," Societies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(1), pages 1-11, February.

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