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A comparison of sustainable development consumption and production in the countries of southern and northern Europe based on selected indicators


  • Joanna Ligenzowska

    (University of Agriculture in Krakow)


Sustainable consumption and production has been the subject of keen demand in many countries around the world for over 20 years, especially in the countries of the European Union. Despite this, negative environmental effects are still observed, caused by growing consumption and excessive economic growth. Many environmental strategies involve the usual increased resource efficiency and eco-efficiency of processes and products.However, this does not fully balance the environmental impact caused by the increased consumption, which in the EU is four times higher than public expenditure. However, there are very large differences in the approach to this difficult topic. The northern states of the EU turn out to be more inclinedto being involved in promoting and subsidizing sustainable consumption and production than the countries of southern Europe. The main purpose of the article is to compare sustainable development in the countries of southern and northern Europe andto fathom what the reason for those differences is,based on specific and selected indicators and influences on countries’ economic development. The research is based on indicators of,among others: domestic material consumption, recycled and composted municipal waste, atmospheric emissions and organic farming.

Suggested Citation

  • Joanna Ligenzowska, 2015. "A comparison of sustainable development consumption and production in the countries of southern and northern Europe based on selected indicators," International Economics, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, issue 11, pages 190-204, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ann:inecon:y:2015:i:11:p:190-204

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Van de Kerk, Geurt & Manuel, Arthur R., 2008. "A comprehensive index for a sustainable society: The SSI -- the Sustainable Society Index," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 228-242, June.
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    More about this item


    sustainable consumption and production; Europe; sustainable development indicators;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products


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