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Entrepreneurship in the Kibbutz Setting: Towards a Classification of New Business Ventures


  • Samuel, Yitzhak
  • Heilbrunn, Sibylle


This study deals with business entrepreneurship in the kibbutz. The study presents an attempt to identify what kinds of new business ventures emerge in the kibbutz setting. The empirical findings reveal a large number and variety of new business ventures characterizing the business trend in the kibbutz nowadays. More specifically, this paper presents a taxonomy of new business ventures, based upon a sample of 571 enterprises initiated by 150 community organizations of the kibbutz movement in Israel. By means of 8 parameters and using the multidimensional scaling analysis method, 7 major types of corporate entrepreneurship emerge from our data set. These distinctive types are labeled and described as the Innovator, the Culturalist, the Artisan, the Entertainer, the Consultant, the Tender, and the Housekeeper types. By and large, the pattern of entrepreneurship in the kibbutz is rather conservative, reflecting low-risk and conventional kinds of business.

Suggested Citation

  • Samuel, Yitzhak & Heilbrunn, Sibylle, 2001. "Entrepreneurship in the Kibbutz Setting: Towards a Classification of New Business Ventures," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 29(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jlorco:61054

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    Cited by:

    1. Ruffle, Bradley J. & Sosis, Richard, 2006. "Cooperation and the in-group-out-group bias: A field test on Israeli kibbutz members and city residents," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 147-163, June.
    2. Davidovich, Liema & Heilbrunn, Sibylle & Polovin, Avraham, 2009. "The Impact of Change in the Kibbutz on Risk- Taking of Entrepreneurs," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 37(2).
    3. Shapiro, Dana & Pearlmutter, David & Schwartz, Moshe, 2012. "The emergence of rural transport strategies in response to rising fuel costs," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 92-100.

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