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Supply Side Constrains in Production of Pulses in India: A Case Study of Lentil


  • Reddy, A. Amarender
  • Reddy, G.P.


In India, annual production of pulses ranges from 11 Mt to 15 Mt, with yield of about 600 kg/ha. Due to the wide gap between supply and demand, import of pulses has increased from 0.38 Mt in 1993 to 2.82 Mt in 2008. Lentil is an important rabi pulse crop with a production of 0.85-0.95 Mt in India, after gram. The study has used both secondary and primary data collected from on-farm demonstrations and farmers’ fields to examine the ways to enhance the domestic supply of lentil. The study has found that there is a scope of increasing area under lentil during the rabi season, as its cost per hectare is less with higher net returns than the competing crops like wheat, gram and mustard in water-deficit and resource-poor conditions. There are large returns for adoption of disease management (80 per cent increase in net return), and improved small-seeded varieties (about 40 per cent increase in net return) in lentil. The study has found that lentil-based cropping systems are profitable and also have high water productivity, hence are suitable for mostly un-exploited rice-fallows under water-deficit conditions. Even though marketed surplus ratios have increased in recent years, there is a post-harvest loss to the extent of 7 per cent of production which needs to be curtailed to increase overall supply for final consumption. There is a case for larger institutional and policy support for pulse crops, keeping visible effects of pulse crops in increasing yield of subsequent crops in crop rotations.

Suggested Citation

  • Reddy, A. Amarender & Reddy, G.P., 2010. "Supply Side Constrains in Production of Pulses in India: A Case Study of Lentil," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 23(1), January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aerrae:92160
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.92160

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    Cited by:

    1. Singh, K.M. & Singh, A,K,, 2014. "Lentil in India: An Overview," MPRA Paper 59319, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Oct 2014.
    2. Vijay Laxmi Pandey & S. Mahendra Dev & Ranjeeta Mishra, 2019. "Pulses in eastern India: production barriers and consumption coping strategies," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 11(3), pages 609-622, June.
    3. Chatterjee, Soumitra & Dhehibi, Boubaker & Karak, Sabyasachi & Hazra, Soumavho & Nath, Rajib & Sarker, Ashutosh, 2021. "Economic Impact of Lentil Cultivation on Marginal and Small Farm Households in Eastern India," 2021 Conference, August 17-31, 2021, Virtual 314951, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Singh, Anil Kumar & Singh, K.M. & Bhatt, B.P., 2014. "Efficient water management: way forward to climate smart grain legumes production," MPRA Paper 59316, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Sep 2014.
    5. Travis J. Lybbert & Ashish Shenoy & Tomoé Bourdier & Caitlin Kieran, 2024. "Striving to revive pulses in India with extension, input subsidies, and output price supports†," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 106(3), pages 1167-1192, May.
    6. Nandi, R. & Mondal, K. & Singh, K.C. & Saha, M. & Bandyopadhyay, P.K. & Ghosh, P.K., 2021. "Yield-water relationships of lentil grown under different rice establishments in Lower Gangetic Plain of India," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 246(C).

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